Hanksite R050291


Name: Hanksite
RRUFF ID: R050291
Ideal Chemistry: KNa22(SO4)9(CO3)2Cl
Locality: Searles Lake, Trona, San Bernardino County, California, USA
Source: Marcus Origlieri
Owner: RRUFF
Description: Pale yellow hexagonal prism with pyramidal terminations
Status: The identification of this mineral has been confirmed by X-ray diffraction and chemical analysis
CHEMISTRY 
RRUFF ID: R050291.2
Sample Description: Microprobe Fragment
Measured Chemistry: K1.00(Na21.65K0.35)Σ=22(S1.00O4)9(CO3)2Cl1.00
Microprobe Data File: [ Download Excel File ]
RAMAN SPECTRUM 
RRUFF ID:
Sample Description: Unoriented sample
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BROAD SCAN WITH SPECTRAL ARTIFACTS
RRUFF ID: R050291
Wavelength:
Sample Description: Unoriented sample
Instrument settings: Thermo Almega XR 532nm @ 100% of 150mW
INFRARED SPECTRUM (Attenuated Total Reflectance) 
RRUFF ID: R050291.1
Instrument settings: SensIR Durascope on a Nicolet Magna 860 FTIR
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POWDER DIFFRACTION 
RRUFF ID: R050291.1
Sample Description: powder
Cell Refinement Output: a: 10.4908(2)Å    b: 10.4908(2)Å    c: 21.2401(9)Å
alpha: 90°    beta: 90°    gamma: 120°   Volume: 2024.4(0)Å3    Crystal System: hexagonal
  File Type Information Close
Calculated diffraction file.

  File Type Information Close
Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

  File Type Information Close
Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

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REFERENCES for Hanksite

American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database Record: [view record]

Anthony J W, Bideaux R A, Bladh K W, and Nichols M C (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson Arizona, USA, by permission of the Mineralogical Society of America. [view file]

Hidden W E (1885) On hanksite, a new anhydrous sulphato-carbonate of sodium, from San Bernardino County, California, American Journal of Science, 130, 133-135   [view file]

Hanks H G (1889) On the occurrence of hanksite in California, American Journal of Science, 137, 63-66   [view file]

Pratt J H (1896) On northupite; pirssonite, a new mineral; gaylussite and hanksite from Borax Lake, San Bernardino County, California, American Journal of Science, 152, 123-135   [view file]

Murdoch J (1951) Notes on California minerals nuevite = samarskite; trona and hanksite; gaylussite, American Mineralogist, 36, 358-362   [view file]

Kato K, Saalfeld H (1972) The crystal structure of hanksite, KNa22[Cl(CO3)2(SO4)9] and its relation to the K2SO4 I structure type, Acta Crystallographica, B28, 3614-3617

Araki T, Zoltai T (1973) The crystal structure of hanksite, American Mineralogist, 58, 799-801   [view file]

Lane M D (2007) Mid-infrared emission spectroscopy of sulfate and sulfate-bearing minerals, American Mineralogist, 92, 1-18   [view file]

Palaich S E M, Manning C E, Schauble E, Kavner A (2013) Spectroscopic and X-ray diffraction investigation of the behavior of hanksite and tychite at high pressures, and a model for the compressibility of sulfate minerals, American Mineralogist, 98, 1543-1549