Grossular R050081



Name: Grossular
RRUFF ID: R050081
Ideal Chemistry: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Locality: Kayes Region, Mali
Source: Rock Currier
Owner: RRUFF
Description: Dark brown dodecahedron
Status: The identification of this mineral has been confirmed by X-ray diffraction and chemical analysis
Mineral Group: [ garnet (93) ]
Quick search: [ All Grossular samples (20) ]
CHEMISTRY 
RRUFF ID: R050081.2
Sample Description: Microprobe Fragment
Measured Chemistry: (Ca2.92Mg0.07Mn0.01)Σ=3(Al1.04Fe3+0.89Ti0.07)Σ=2((Si0.98Al0.02)Σ=1O4)3; trace amounts of Y
Microprobe Data File: [ Download Excel File ]
RAMAN SPECTRUM 
RRUFF ID:
Sample Description: Sample is oriented, mounted onto a pin and polished
Pin ID: L00149
Orientation: Laser parallel to  c*  (0 0 1).     Fiducial mark perpendicular to laser is parallel to  a   [1 0 0].
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BROAD SCAN WITH SPECTRAL ARTIFACTS
RRUFF ID: R050081
Wavelength:
Sample Description: Raman on unoriented sample
Instrument settings: Thermo Almega XR 532nm @ 100% of 150mW
INFRARED SPECTRUM (Attenuated Total Reflectance) 
RRUFF ID: R050081.1
Sample Description: Powder
Instrument settings: SensIR Durascope on a Nicolet Magna 860 FTIR
Resolution:
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POWDER DIFFRACTION 
RRUFF ID: R050081.1
Sample Description: Powder
Cell Refinement Output: a: 11.9740(4)Å    b: 11.9740(4)Å    c: 11.9740(4)Å
alpha: 90.°    beta: 90.°    gamma: 90.°   Volume: 1716.7(2)Å3    Crystal System: cubic
  File Type Information Close
Calculated diffraction file.

  File Type Information Close
Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

  File Type Information Close
Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

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REFERENCES for Grossular

American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database Record: [view record]

Anthony J W, Bideaux R A, Bladh K W, and Nichols M C (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson Arizona, USA, by permission of the Mineralogical Society of America. [view file]

Hoffmann C A S (1811) Grossular, in Handbuch der Mineralogie, Volume 1 Craz und Gerlach Freiberg 479-481   [view file]

Skinner B J (1956) Physical properties of end-members of the garnet group, American Mineralogist, 41, 428-436

Frankel J J (1959) Uvarovite garnet and South African jade (hydrogrossular) from the Bushveld Complex, Transvaal, American Mineralogist, 44, 565-591   [view file]

International Mineralogical Association (1962) International Mineralogical Association: Commission on new minerals and mineral names, Mineralogical Magazine, 33, 260-263   [view file]

Novak G A, Gibbs G V (1971) The crystal chemistry of the silicate garnets, American Mineralogist, 56, 791-825   [view file]

Shimazaki H (1977) Grossular-spessartine-almandine garnets from some Japanese scheelite skarns, The Canadian Mineralogist, 15, 74-80   [view file]

International Mineralogical Association (1980) International Mineralogical Association: Commission on new minerals and mineral names, Mineralogical Magazine, 43, 1053-1055   [view file]

Basso R, Della Giusta A, Zefiro L (1981) A crystal chemical study of a Ti-containing hydrogarnet, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 1981, 230-236

Nickel E H, Mandarino J A (1987) Procedures involving the IMA Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names and guidelines on mineral nomenclature, American Mineralogist, 72, 1031-1042   [view file]

Wang X, Greenwood H J (1988) An experimental study of the equilibrium: grossular + clinochlore = 3 diopside + 2 spinel + 4 H2O, The Canadian Mineralogist, 26, 269-281   [view file]

Hofmeister A M, Chopelas A (1991) Vibrational spectroscopy of end-member silicate garnets, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 17, 503-526   [link]

Pilati T, Demartin F, Gramaccioli C M (1996) Atomic displacement parameters for garnets: A lattice-dynamical evaluation, Acta Crystallographica, B52, 239-250

Chmielová M, Martinec P, Weiss Z (1997) Almandine-pyrope-grossular garnets: a method for estimating their composition using X-ray powder diffraction patterns, European Journal of Mineralogy, 9, 403-409

Geiger C A, Armbruster T (1997) Mn3Al2Si3O12 spessartine and Ca3Al2Si3O12 grossular garnet: Structural dynamic and thermodynamic properties, American Mineralogist, 82, 740-747   [view file]

Kolesov B A, Geiger C A (1998) Raman spectra of silicate garnets, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 25, 142-151   [link]

Milman V, Winkler B, Nobes R H, Akhmatchaya E V, Pickard C J, White J A (2000) Garnets: structure, compressibility, dynamics, and disorder, Journal of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, 52, issue 7 22-25

Arredondo E H, Rossman G R (2002) Feasibility of determining the quantitative OH content of garnets with Raman spectroscopy, American Mineralogist, 87, 307-311   [view file]

Shannon R D, Shannon R C, Medenbach O, Fischer R X (2002) Refractive index and dispersion of flourides and oxides, Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, 31, 931-970

Boffa Ballaran T, Carpenter M A (2003) Line broadening and enthalpy: Some empirical calibrations of solid solution behaviour from IR spectra, Phase Transitions, 76, 137-154

Oberti R, Quartieri S, Dalconi M C, Boscherini F, Iezzi G, Boiocchi M, Eeckhout S G (2006) Site preference and local geometry of Sc in garnets: Part I. Multifarious mechanisms in the pyrope-grossular join, American Mineralogist, 91, 1230-1239   [view file]

Teertstra D K (2006) Index-of-refraction and unit-cell constraints on cation valence and pattern of order in garnet-group minerals, The Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 341-346   [view file]

Moroz T, Ragozin A, Salikhov D, Belikova G, Puchkov V, Kagi H (2009) Micro-Raman spectra of ugrandite garnet, Spectrochimica Acta Part A-Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 73, 436-439

Dachs E, Geiger C A, Benisek A, Grevel K-D (2012) Grossular: A crystal-chemical, calorimetric, and thermodynamic study, American Mineralogist, 97, 1299-1313   [view file]

Dachs E, Geiger C A, Benisek A, Grevel K D (2012) Grossular: A crystal-chemical, calorimetric, and thermodynamic study, American Mineralogist, 97, 1299-1313   [view file]

Antao S M (2013) Is near-endmember birefringent grossular non-cubic? New evidence from synchrotron diffraction, The Canadian Mineralogist, 51, 771-784

De La Pierre M, Noël Y, Mustapha S, Meyer A, D'Arco P, Dovesi R (2013) The infrared vibrational spectrum of andradite-grossular solid solutions: A quantum mechanical simulation, American Mineralogist, 98, 966-976

Geiger C A (2013) Static disorders of atoms and experimental determination of Debye temperature in pyrope: Low- and high-temperature single-crystal X-ray diffraction study—Discussion, American Mineralogist, 98, 780-782

Grew E S, Locock A J, Mills S J, Galuskina I O, Galuskin E V, Hålenius U (2013) Nomenclature of the garnet supergroup, American Mineralogist, 98, 785-811   [view file]

Nakatsuka A, Shimokawa M, Nakayama N, Ohtaka O, Arima H, Okube M, Yoshiasa A (2013) Static disorders of atoms and experimental determination of Debye temperature in pyrope: Low- and high-temperature single-crystal X-ray diffraction study—Reply, American Mineralogist, 98, 783-784

Feneyrol J, Giuliani G, Ohnenstetter D, Rondeau B, Fritsch E, Fallick A E, Ichang'i D, Omito E, Rakotondrazafy M, Ranatsenho M, Lallier F (2014) New typology and origin of tsavorite based on trace-element chemistry, European Journal of Mineralogy, 26, 293-308

Du W, Clark S M, Walker D (2015) Thermo-compression of pyrope-grossular garnet solid solutions: Non-linear compositional dependence, American Mineralogist, 100, 215-222

Lacivita V, Mahmoud A, Erba A, D'Arco P, Mustapha S (2015) Hydrogrossular, Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(H4O4)x: An ab initio investigation of its structural and energetic properties, American Mineralogist, 100, 2637-2649

Du W, Clark S M, Walker D (2016) Excess mixing volume, microstrain, and stability of pyrope-grossular garnets, American Mineralogist, 101, 193-204

Palke A C, Geiger C A (2016) Trivalent transition-metal cations and local structure in pyrope- and grossular-rich solid solutions investigated by 27Al and 29Si MAS NMR spectroscopy, 28, 179-187

Milani S, Angel R J, Scandolo L, Mazzucchelli M L, Ballaran T B, Klemme S, Domeneghetti M C, Miletich R, Scheidl K S, Derzsi M, Tokár K, Prencipe M, Alvaro M, Nestola F (2017) Thermo-elastic behavior of grossular garnet at high pressures and temperatures, American Mineralogist, 102, 851-859