Struvite R050511


Name: Struvite
RRUFF ID: R050511
Ideal Chemistry: (NH4)MgPO4·6H2O
Locality: Hamburg, Germany
Source: American Museum of Natural History 15490 [view label]
Owner: RRUFF
Description: Colorless with a brown tint, cleavage fragment
Status: The identification of this mineral has been confirmed by X-ray diffraction and chemical analysis
Mineral Group: [ Struvite (2) ]
Quick search: [ All Struvite samples (2) ]
CHEMISTRY 
RRUFF ID: R050511.2
Sample Description: Microprobe Fragment
Measured Chemistry: (NH4)(Mg0.85Fe2+0.12Mn0.02Ca0.01)Σ=1(P1.00O4)·6H2O ; NH4 not measured but assumed by charge balance
RAMAN SPECTRUM 
RRUFF ID:
Sample Description: Unoriented sample
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BROAD SCAN WITH SPECTRAL ARTIFACTS
RRUFF ID: R050511
Wavelength:
Sample Description: Unoriented sample
Instrument settings: Thermo Almega XR 532nm @ 100% of 150mW
INFRARED SPECTRUM (Attenuated Total Reflectance) 
RRUFF ID: R050511.1
Instrument settings: SensIR Durascope on a Nicolet Magna 860 FTIR
Resolution:
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POWDER DIFFRACTION 
RRUFF ID: R050511.1
Sample Description: powder
Cell Refinement Output: a: 6.9464(5)Å    b: 6.1390(9)Å    c: 11.2142(6)Å
alpha: 90.°    beta: 90.°    gamma: 90.°   Volume: 478.22(6)Å3    Crystal System: orthorhombic
  File Type Information Close
Calculated diffraction file.

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Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

  File Type Information Close
Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

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REFERENCES for Struvite

American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database Record: [view record]

Anthony J W, Bideaux R A, Bladh K W, and Nichols M C (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson Arizona, USA, by permission of the Mineralogical Society of America. [view file]

Ulex G L (1847) Struvit, Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar, 1847, 32-33   [view file]

Ulex G L (1851) Über Struveit, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Geologie und Petrefakten-Kunde, 1851, 51-59   [view file]

MacIvor R W E (1887) On Australian bat guano and some minerals occurring therein, The Chemical News, 55, 215-216   [view file]

MacIvor R W E (1902) On minerals occurring in Australian bat guano, The Chemical News, 85, 181-182   [view file]

Frondel C, Prien E L (1942) Carbonate-apatite and Hydroxyl-apatite in urinary calculi, Science, 95, 431-431

Whitaker A, Jeffery J W (1970) The crystal structure of struvite, MgNH4PO4.6H2O, Acta Crystallographica, B26, 1429-1440

Ferraris G, Franchini-Angela M (1973) Hydrogen bonding in the crystalline state. Refinement of the crystal structure of MgNH4AsO4·6(H2O), arsenstruvite, Acta Crystallographica, B29, 859-863

Stevenson J S, Stevenson L S (1973) Well-developed growth zoning in a struvite bladder stone, The Canadian Mineralogist, 11, 985-990   [view file]

Abbona F, Calleri M, Ivaldi G (1984) Synthetic struvite, MgNH4PO4·6H2O: Correct polarity and surface features of some complementary forms, Acta Crystallographica, B40, 223-227

Ferraris G, Fuess H, Joswig W (1986) Neutron diffraction study of MgNH4PO4·6H2O (struvite) and survey of water molecules donating short hydrogen bonds, Acta Crystallographica, B42, 253-258

Takagi S, Mathew M (2001) Structures of biological minerals in dental research, Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards, 106, 1035-1044   [view file]

Stefov V, Šoptrajanov B, Spirovski F, Kuzmanovski I, Lutz H D, Engelen B (2004) Infrared and Raman spectra of magnesium ammonium phosphate hexahydrate (struvite) and its isomorphous analogues. I. Spectra of protiated and partially deuterated magnesium potassium phosphate hexahydrate, Journal of Molecular Structure, 689, 1-10

Frost R L, Weier M L, Martens W N, Henry D A, Mills S J (2005) Raman spectroscopy of newberyite, hannayite and struvite, Spectrochimica Acta Part A, 62, 181-188

Stefov V, Šoptrajanov B, Kuzmanovski I, Lutz H D, Engelen B (2005) Infrared and Raman spectra of magnesium ammonium phosphate hexahydrate (struvite) and its isomorphous analogues. III. Spectra of protiated and partially deuterated magnesium ammonium phosphate hexahydrate, Journal of Molecular Structure, 752, 60-67

Cahil A, Šoptrajanov B, Najdoski M, Lutz H D, Engelen B, Stefov V (2008) Infrared and Raman spectra of magnesium ammonium phosphate hexahydrate (struvite) and its isomorphous analogues. Part VI: FT-IR spectra of isomorphously isolated species. NH4+ ions isolated in MKPO4·6H2O (M = Mg; Ni) and PO43- ions isolated in MgNH4AsO4·6H2O, Journal of Molecular Structure, 876, 255-259

Sun W D, Wang J Y, Zhang K C, Wang X L (2010) Study on precipitation of struvite and struvite-K crystal in goats during onset of urolithiasis, Research in Veterinary Science, 88, 461-466

Chauhan C K, Vyas P M, Joshi M J (2011) Growth and characterization of struvite-K crystals, Crystal Research and Technology, 46, 187-194

Suguna K, Thenmozhi M, Sekar C (2012) Growth, spectral, structural and mechanical properties of struvite crystal grown in presence of sodium fluoride, Bulletin of Materials Science, 35, 701-706

Yang H, Martinelli L, Tasso F, Sprocati A R, Pinzari F, Liu Z, Downs R T, Sun H J (2014) A new biogenic, struvite-related phosphate, the ammonium-analog of hazenite, (NH4)NaMg2(PO4)2·14H2O, American Mineralogist, 99, 1761-1766

Li H, Yao Q, Yu S, Huang Y, Chen X, Fu S, Zhou G (2017) Bacterially mediated morphogenesis of struvite and its implication for phosphorus recovery, American Mineralogist, 102, 381-390