Sphalerite R060005

Name: Sphalerite
RRUFF ID: R060005
Ideal Chemistry: ZnS
Locality: Trinacria mine, Lake Poopo, Oruro, Bolivia
Source: University of Arizona Mineral Museum 3552
Owner: RRUFF
Description: Steel gray crystal associated with franckeite R050431
Status: The identification of this mineral has been confirmed by X-ray diffraction and chemical analysis
Mineral Group: [ Sphalerite (35) ]
Quick search: [ All Sphalerite samples (9) ]
RRUFF ID: R060005.2
Sample Description: Microprobe Fragment
Measured Chemistry: Zn0.82Fe0.18S
Sample Description: Sample is oriented, polished and mounted on a pin.
Pin ID: M01404
Orientation: Laser parallel to  c*  (0 0 1).     Fiducial mark perpendicular to laser is parallel to  a   [1 0 0].

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Raman Mode Analysis
Direction of polarization of laser relative to fiducial mark:
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RRUFF ID: R060005
Sample Description: Unoriented sample
Instrument settings: Thermo Almega XR 532nm @ 100% of 150mW
INFRARED SPECTRUM (Attenuated Total Reflectance) 
RRUFF ID: R060005.1
Sample Description: Powder
Instrument settings: SensIR Durascope on a Nicolet Magna 860 FTIR
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RRUFF ID: R060005.1
Sample Description: Powder
Cell Refinement Output: a: 5.42132(7)Å    b: 5.42132(7)Å    c: 5.42132(7)Å
alpha: 90°    beta: 90°    gamma: 90°   Volume: 159.336(6)Å3    Crystal System: cubic
  File Type Information Close
Calculated diffraction file.

  File Type Information Close
Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

  File Type Information Close
Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

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REFERENCES for Sphalerite

American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database Record: [view record]

Anthony J W, Bideaux R A, Bladh K W, and Nichols M C (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson Arizona, USA, by permission of the Mineralogical Society of America. [view file]

Glocker E F (1847) Ordo IV. Cinnabaritae. IV. Cinnabaritae sphaleritoidei. 12. Sphalerites, in Generum et Specierum Mineralium, Secundum Ordines Naturales Digestorum Synopsis Apud Eduardum Anton 13-18   [view file]

Foshag W F (1933) New mineral names, American Mineralogist, 18, 358-359   [view file]

Brown J S (1936) Supergene sphalerite, galena and willemite at Balmat, N.Y., Economic Geology, 31, 331-354

Fleischer M (1960) New mineral names, American Mineralogist, 45, 1130-1136   [view file]

Skinner B J (1961) Unit-cell edges of natural and synthetic sphalerites, American Mineralogist, 46, 1399-1411   [view file]

Campbell F A (1963) Sphalerite-pyrrhotite relationships at Quemont mine, The Canadian Mineralogist, 7, 367-374   [view file]

Mannin P G (1966) Cu (II) in octahedral sites in sphalerite, The Canadian Mineralogist, 8, 567-571   [view file]

Manning P G (1967) Absorption spectra of Fe(III) in octahedral sites in sphalerite, The Canadian Mineralogist, 9, 57-64   [view file]

Scott S D, Barnes H L (1967) Abstract of paper presented at the twelfth annual meeting: Nonstoichiometric phase changes in sphalerite and wurtzite, The Canadian Mineralogist, 9, 306-306   [view file]

Brafman O, Mitra S S (1968) Raman effect in wurtzite- and zinc-blende-type ZnS single crystals, Physical Review, 171, 931-934

Manning P G (1968) Optical absorption studies of the mixed-ion (Cu and Al) doping of sphalerite, The Canadian Mineralogist, 9, 429-433   [view file]

Scott S D (1971) Shorter communications: Mössbauer spectra of synthetic iron-bearing sphalerite, The Canadian Mineralogist, 10, 882-885   [view file]

Bristol C C (1974) Sphalerite geobarometry of some metamorphosed orebodies in the Flin Flon and Snow Lake districts, Manitoba, The Canadian Mineralogist, 12, 308-315   [view file]

Chen T T, Dutrizac J E (1978) Lautite and cadmium-rich sphalerite from the Ross mine, Hislop Township, Ontario, The Canadian Mineralogist, 16, 665-669   [view file]

Dick L A, Robinson G W (1979) Chlorine–bearing potassian hastingsite from a sphalerite skarn in southern Yukon, The Canadian Mineralogist, 17, 25-26   [view file]

International Mineralogical Association (1980) International Mineralogical Association: Commission on new minerals and mineral names, Mineralogical Magazine, 43, 1053-1055   [view file]

Steger H F, Desjardins L E (1980) Oxidation of sulfide minerals. V. Galena, sphalerite and chalcocite, The Canadian Mineralogist, 18, 365-372   [view file]

Hurley T D, Crocket J H (1985) A gold-sphalerite association in a volcanogenic base-metal-sulfide deposit near Tilt Cove, Newfoundland, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 423-430   [view file]

Patterson D J (1985) Zincian greenockite in stratiform lead-zinc-silver mineralization at Lady Loretta, northwest Queensland, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 89-94   [view file]

Seal R R, Cooper B J, Craig J R (1985) Anisotropic sphalerite of the Elmwood-Gordonsville deposits, Tennessee, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 83-88   [view file]

Kalogeropoulos S I, Economou G S (1987) A study of sphalerite from the carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn sulfide deposits of the eastern Chalkidiki Peninsula, northern Greece, The Canadian Mineralogist, 25, 639-646   [view file]

Moore J M, Reid A M (1988) Implications of sphalerite inclusions in gahnite from the Namaqualand Metamorphic Complex, South Africa, The Canadian Mineralogist, 26, 293-300   [view file]

Ueno T, Scott S D (1991) Solubility of gallium in sphalerite and wurtzite at 800°C and 900°C, The Canadian Mineralogist, 29, 143-148   [view file]

Pattrick R A D, Dorling M, Polya D A (1993) TEM study of indium- and copper-bearing growth-banded sphalerite, The Canadian Mineralogist, 31, 105-117   [view file]

Sclar C B, Benimoff A I (1993) An occurrence of magmatic sphalerite, Graniteville Quarry, Staten Island, New York, The Canadian Mineralogist, 31, 691-694   [view file]

Lynch G, Mengel F (1995) Metamorphism of arsenopyrite-pyrite-sphalerite-pyrrhotite lenses, western Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, The Canadian Mineralogist, 33, 105-114   [view file]

Ueno T, Scott S D, Kojima S (1996) Inversion between sphalerite- and wurtzite-type stuctures in the system Zn–Fe–Ga–S, The Canadian Mineralogist, 34, 949-958   [view file]

Beaudoin G (2000) Acicular sphalerite enriched in Ag, Sb, and Cu embedded within color-banded sphalerite from the Kokanee Range, British Columbia, Canada, The Canadian Mineralogist, 38, 1387-1398   [view file]

Lentz D R (2002) Sphalerite and arsenopyrite at the Brunswick No. 12 massive-sulfide deposit, Bathurst Camp, New Brunswick: constraints on P-T evolution, The Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 19-31   [view file]

Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Gabašová A, Hloušek J, Šrein V, Vavrín I, Skála R, Sejkora J, Drábek M (2003) Primary minerals of the Jáchymov ore district, Journal of the Czech Geological Society, 48, 19-147   [view file]

Benedetto F D, Bernardini G P, Costagliola P, Plant D, Vaughan D J (2005) Compositional zoning in sphalerite crystals, American Mineralogist, 90, 1384-1392   [view file]

Kharbish S (2007) A Raman spectroscopic investigation of Fe-rich sphalerite: effect of Fe-substitution, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 34, 551-558

Moura M A, Botelho N F, Carvalho de Mendonça F (2007) The indium-rich sulfides and rare arsenates of the Sn—In-mineralized Mangabeira A-type granite, central Brazil, The Canadian Mineralogist, 45, 485-496   [view file]

Nitta E, Kimata M, Hoshino M, Echigo T, Hamasaki S, Nishida N, Shimizu M, Akasak T (2008) Crystal chemistry of ZnS minerals formed as high-temperature volcanic sublimates: matraite identical with sphalerite, Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 103, 145-151   [view file]

Osadchii E G, Gorbaty Y E (2010) Raman spectra and unit cell parameters of sphalerite solid solutions (FexZn1-xS), Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 74, 568-573

Buzatu A, Buzgar N, Damian G, Vasilache V, Apopei A I (2013) The determination of the Fe content in natural sphalerites by means of Raman spectroscopy, Vibrational Spectroscopy, 68, 220-224

Bonnet J, Mosser-Ruck R, Caumon MC, Rouer O, Andre-Mayer AS, Cauzid J, Peiffert C (2016) Trace element distribution (Cu, Ga, Ge, Cd, and Fe) in sphalerite from the Tennessee MVT deposits, USA, by combined EMPA, LA-ICP-MS, Raman spectroscopy, and crystallography, The Canadian Mineralogist, 54, 1261-1284

Gill S B, Piercey S J, Layton-Matthews D (2016) Mineralogy and metal zoning of the cambrian, The Canadian Mineralogist, 54, 1307-1344

Duffy T S (2018) Single-crystal elastic properties of minerals and related materials with cubic symmetry, American Mineralogist, 103, 977-988