Orpiment R060116



Name: Orpiment
RRUFF ID: R060116
Ideal Chemistry: As2S3
Locality: Quiruvilca, Peru
Source: University of Arizona Mineral Museum 11828 [view label]
Owner: RRUFF
Description: Brownish-yellow prismatic crystals
Status: The identification of this mineral has been confirmed by X-ray diffraction and chemical analysis
Mineral Group: [ Orpiment (2) ]
Quick search: [ All Orpiment samples (2) ]
CHEMISTRY 
RRUFF ID: R060116.2
Sample Description: Microprobe Fragment
Measured Chemistry: As1.83S3.00
RAMAN SPECTRUM 
RRUFF ID:
Sample Description: Unoriented sample
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BROAD SCAN WITH SPECTRAL ARTIFACTS
RRUFF ID: R060116
Wavelength:
Sample Description: Unoriented sample
Instrument settings: Thermo Almega XR 532nm @ 100% of 150mW
POWDER DIFFRACTION 
RRUFF ID: R060116.1
Sample Description: Powder
Cell Refinement Output: a: 12.5640(65)Å    b: 9.10554(74)Å    c: 4.23416(73)Å
alpha: 90.°    beta: 98.236(33)°    gamma: 90.°   Volume: 479.40(26)Å3    Crystal System: monoclinic
  File Type Information Close
Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

  File Type Information Close
Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

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REFERENCES for Orpiment

American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database Record: [view record]

Anthony J W, Bideaux R A, Bladh K W, and Nichols M C (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson Arizona, USA, by permission of the Mineralogical Society of America. [view file]

Buerger M J (1942) The unit cell and space group of orpiment, American Mineralogist, 27, 301-304   [view file]

Morimoto N (1954) The crystal structure of orpiment (As2S3) refined, Mineralogical Journal, 1, 160-169   [view file]

Evans B L, Young P A (1967) Optical properties of arsenic trisulphide, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, A297, 230-243

Zallen R, Slade M L, Ward A T (1971) Lattice vibrations and interlayer interactions in crystalline As2S3 and As2Se3, Physical Review B, 3, 4257-4273

Mullen D J E, Nowacki W (1972) Refinement of the crystal structures of realgar, AsS and orpiment, As2S3, Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, 136, 48-65   [view file]

Besson J M, Cernogora J, Zallen R (1980) Effect of pressure on optical properties of crystalline As2S3, Physical Review B, 22, 3866-3876

Besson J M, Cernogora J, Slade M L, Weinstein B A, Zallen R (1981) Pressure effects on the absorption edge, refractive index, and Raman spectra of crystalline and amorphous As2S3, Physica B, 105, 319-323

Devaud G, Aziz M J, Turnbull D (1989) High-pressure crystallization kinetics of As2S3, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 109, 121-128

Frost R L, Martens W N, Kloprogge J T (2002) Raman spectroscopic study of cinnabar (HgS), realgar (As4S4), and orpiment (As2S3) at 298 and 77K, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 2002, 469-480

Espeau P, Tamarit J L, Barrio M, López D Ó, Perrin M A, Allouchi H, Céolin R (2006) Solid state studies on synthetic and natural crystalline arsenic(III) sulfide, As2S3 (Orpiment): New data for an old compound, Chemistry of Materials, 18, 3821-3826

Bonazzi P, Bindi L (2008) A crystallographic review of arsenic sulfides: Effects of chemical variations and changes induced by exposure to light, Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, 223, 132-147

Gibbs G V, Wallace A F, Zallen R, Downs R T, Ross N L, Cox D F, Rosso K M (2010) Bond paths and van der Waals interactions in orpiment, As2S3, Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 114, 6550-6557   [view file]

Srivastava P, Mund H S, Sharma Y (2011) Investigation of electronic properties of crystalline arsenic chalcogenides: Theory and experiments, Physica B, 406, 3083-3088