Andradite R060423

Name: Andradite
RRUFF ID: R060423
Ideal Chemistry: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Locality: Mali
Source: Greg Schmidt
Owner: RRUFF
Description: Black dodecahedron
Status: The identification of this mineral has been confirmed by X-ray diffraction and chemical analysis
Mineral Group: [ garnet (93) ]
Quick search: [ All Andradite samples (14) ]
RRUFF ID: R060423.2
Sample Description: Microprobe fragment
Measured Chemistry: (Ca2.93Mg0.04Mn0.03)Σ=3(Fe3+0.99Al0.95Ti0.06)Σ=2((Si0.98Fe3+0.02)Σ=1O4)3
Microprobe Data File: [ Download Excel File ]
Sample Description: Sample is oriented and mounted on a pin
Pin ID: L01089
Orientation: Laser parallel to  a*  (1 0 0).     Fiducial mark perpendicular to laser is parallel to  c   [0 0 1].

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  orientation angle.

Raman Mode Analysis
Direction of polarization of laser relative to fiducial mark:
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RRUFF ID: R060423
Sample Description: Unoriented sample
Instrument settings: Thermo Almega XR 532nm @ 100% of 150mW
RRUFF ID: R060423.1
Sample Description: Powder
Cell Refinement Output: a: 11.9528(3)Å    b: 11.9528(3)Å    c: 11.9528(3)Å
alpha: 90.°    beta: 90.°    gamma: 90.°   Volume: 1707.6(1)Å3    Crystal System: cubic
  File Type Information Close
Calculated diffraction file.

  File Type Information Close
Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

  File Type Information Close
Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

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REFERENCES for Andradite

American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database Record: [view record]

Anthony J W, Bideaux R A, Bladh K W, and Nichols M C (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson Arizona, USA, by permission of the Mineralogical Society of America. [view file]

d’Andrada J B (1800) Der eigenschaften und kennzeichen einiger neuen fossilien aus Schweden und Norwegen nebst einigen chemischen bemerkungen ueber dieselben, Allgemeines Journal der Chemie, 4, 28-39   [view file]

d’Andrada J B (1801) Description of some new fossils (Old English translation), A Journal of Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, and the Arts, 5, 193-196; 211-213   [view file]

Dana J D, Brush G J (1868) E. Lime-Irongarnet ; Andradite, in A System of Mineralogy, Fifth Edition John Wiley and Sons New York 268-270   [view file]

Flint E P, McMurdie H F, Wells L S (1941) Hydrothermal and x-ray studies of the garnet-hydrogarnet series and the relationship of the series to hydration products of Portland cement, Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards, 26, 13-33   [view file]

Skinner B J (1956) Physical properties of end-members of the garnet group, American Mineralogist, 41, 428-436

Kasowski M A, Hogarth D D (1968) Yttrian andradite from the Gatineau Park, Quebec, The Canadian Mineralogist, 9, 552-558   [view file]

Manning P G (1969) Optical absorption studies of grossular, andradite (var. colophonite) and uvarovite, The Canadian Mineralogist, 9, 723-729   [view file]

Manning P G, Harris D C (1970) Optical-absorption and electron-microprobe studies of some high-Ti andradites, The Canadian Mineralogist, 10, 260-271   [view file]

Novak G A, Gibbs G V (1971) The crystal chemistry of the silicate garnets, American Mineralogist, 56, 791-825   [view file]

McIver J R, Mihálik P (1975) Stannian andradite from "Davib Ost", South West Africa, The Canadian Mineralogist, 13, 217-221   [view file]

Duke J M, Bonardi M (1982) Chromian andradite from Reaume Township, Ontario, The Canadian Mineralogist, 20, 49-53   [view file]

Jan M Q, Windley B F, Wilson R N (1984) Chromian andradite and olivine-chromite relations in a chromitite layer from the Jijal complex, northwestern Pakistan, The Canadian Mineralogist, 22, 341-345   [view file]

Kingma K J, Downs J W (1989) Crystal-structure analysis of a birefringent andradite, American Mineralogist, 74, 1307-1316   [view file]

Hofmeister A M, Chopelas A (1991) Vibrational spectroscopy of end-member silicate garnets, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 17, 503-526   [link]

Madon M, Ibarguchi J I G, Via J, Girardeau J (1991) Characterization and thermodynamic properties of andradite, Ca3Fe2Si3O12, American Mineralogist, 76, 1249-1260   [view file]

Armbruster T, Geiger C A (1993) Andradite crystal chemistry, dynamic X-site disorder and structural strain in silicate garnets, European Journal of Mineralogy, 5, 59-71

Pinckston R D, Smith D G W (1994) Mineralogy of the Lake zone, Thor Lake rare-metals deposit, N.W.T., Canada, Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 32, 516-532

Oberti R, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E, Hawthorne F C, Memmi I (1995) Structure refinement of hydrous andradite, Ca3Fe1.54Mn0.02Al0.26(SiO4)1.65(O4H4)1.35, from the Wessels mine, Kalahari manganese field, South Africa, European Journal of Mineralogy, 7, 1221-1225

Pilati T, Demartin F, Gramaccioli C M (1996) Atomic displacement parameters for garnets: A lattice-dynamical evaluation, Acta Crystallographica, B52, 239-250

Kolesov B A, Geiger C A (1997) Raman scattering in silicate garnets an investigation of their resonance intensities, Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 28, 659-662   [link]

Kolesov B A, Geiger C A (1998) Raman spectra of silicate garnets, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 25, 142-151   [link]

Milman V, Winkler B, Nobes R H, Akhmatchaya E V, Pickard C J, White J A (2000) Garnets: structure, compressibility, dynamics, and disorder, Journal of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, 52, issue 7 22-25

Manoun B, de Waal D, Merkle R (2001) The crystal chemistry and Raman spectroscopy of kimberlitic G-9 garnets, Crystal Engineering, 4, 283-291   [link]

Teertstra D K (2006) Index-of-refraction and unit-cell constraints on cation valence and pattern of order in garnet-group minerals, The Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 341-346   [view file]

Moroz T, Ragozin A, Salikhov D, Belikova G, Puchkov V, Kagi H (2009) Micro-Raman spectra of ugrandite garnet, Spectrochimica Acta Part A-Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 73, 436-439

De La Pierre M, Noël Y, Mustapha S, Meyer A, D'Arco P, Dovesi R (2013) The infrared vibrational spectrum of andradite-grossular solid solutions: A quantum mechanical simulation, American Mineralogist, 98, 966-976

Grew E S, Locock A J, Mills S J, Galuskina I O, Galuskin E V, Hålenius U (2013) Nomenclature of the garnet supergroup, American Mineralogist, 98, 785-811   [view file]

Antao S M, Mohib S, Zaman M, Marr R A (2015) Ti-rich andradites: chemistry, structure, multi-phases, optical anisotropy, and oscillatory zoning, The Canadian Mineralogist, 53, 133-158

Korinevsky V G (2015) Spessartine-andradite in scapolite pegmatite, Ilmeny Mountains, Russia, The Canadian Mineralogist, 53, 623-632

Schingaro E, Lacalamita M, Mesto E, Ventruti G, Pedrazzi G, Ottolini L, Scordari F (2016) Crystal chemistry and light elements analysis of Ti-rich garnets, American Mineralogist, 101, 371-384