Beryl R060944



Name: Beryl
RRUFF ID: R060944
Ideal Chemistry: Be3Al2Si6O18
Locality: Habachtal, Salzburg, Austria
Source: Lawrence W. Snee
Owner: RRUFF
Description: Green hexagonal prisms in a muscovite schist, variety emerald. Note that there are micro inclusions of actinolite. The Raman signal is a mixture of the two phases.
Status: The identification of this mineral has been confirmed by X-ray diffraction and chemical analysis
Mineral Group: [ Beryl (28) ]
Quick search: [ All Beryl samples (19) ]
CHEMISTRY 
RRUFF ID: R060944.2
Sample Description: Microprobe Fragment
Measured Chemistry: Be3.00(Al1.59Mg0.33Fe3+0.04Cr3+0.04)Σ=2Si6.00O18·Na0.33 ; bright inclusions are actinolite
Microprobe Data File: [ Download Excel File ]
RAMAN SPECTRUM 
RRUFF ID:
Sample Description: Sample is oriented and mounted on a pin
Pin ID: L01278
Orientation: Laser parallel to  a*  (1 0 0).     Fiducial mark perpendicular to laser is parallel to  c   [0 0 1].
DOWNLOADS:

  To download sample data,
  please select a specific
  orientation angle.

Raman Mode Analysis
Direction of polarization of laser relative to fiducial mark:
X Min:    X Max:    X Sort:
BROAD SCAN WITH SPECTRAL ARTIFACTS
RRUFF ID: R060944
Wavelength:
Sample Description: Unoriented sample
Instrument settings: Thermo Almega XR 532nm @ 100% of 150mW
POWDER DIFFRACTION 
RRUFF ID: R060944.1
Sample Description: powder
Cell Refinement Output: a: 9.2527(3)Å    b: 9.2527(3)Å    c: 9.1971(3)Å
alpha: 90°    beta: 90°    gamma: 120°   Volume: 681.89(4)Å3    Crystal System: hexagonal
  File Type Information Close
Calculated diffraction file.

  File Type Information Close
Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

  File Type Information Close
Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

X Min:    X Max:    X Sort:
REFERENCES for Beryl

American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database Record: [view record]

Anthony J W, Bideaux R A, Bladh K W, and Nichols M C (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson Arizona, USA, by permission of the Mineralogical Society of America. [view file]

Gesner C (1565) Gemmis, quae erant in veste Aaronis, Liber Graecus, & e regione Latinus, Iola Hierotarantino interprete: cum Corollario Conradi Gesneri, in Sancti Patris Epiphanii Episcopi Cypri ad Diodorum Tyri episcopum, De XII 1-29   [view file]

Vauquelin L N (1798) Sur une nouvell terre tirée de l´aigue marine, ou beril, Observations sur la Physique, sur l’Histoire Naturelle et sur les Arts, 46, 158-158   [view file]

Radcliffe D, Campbell F A (1966) Beryl from Birch Portage, Saskatchewan, The Canadian Mineralogist, 8, 493-505   [view file]

Gibbs G V, Breck D W, Meagher E P (1968) Structural refinement of hydrous and anhydrous synthetic beryl, Al2(Be3Si6)O18 and emerald, Al1.9Cr0.1(Be3Si6)O18, Lithos, 1, 275-285

Adams D M, Gardner I R (1974) Single-crystal vibrational spectra of beryl and dioptase, Dalton Transactions, 1974, 1502-1505

Černý P, Hawthorne F C (1976) Refractive indices versus alkali contents in beryl: General limitations and applications to some pegmatitic types, The Canadian Mineralogist, 14, 491-497   [view file]

Černý P, Simpson F M (1977) The Tanco pegmatite at Bernic Lake, Manitoba. IX. Beryl, The Canadian Mineralogist, 15, 489-499   [view file]

Hawthorne F C, Černý P (1977) The alkali-metal positions in Cs-Li beryl, The Canadian Mineralogist, 15, 414-421   [view file]

Hofmeister A M, Hoering T C, Virgo D (1987) Vibrational spectroscopy of of beryllium aluminosilicates: heat capacity calculations from band assignments, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 14, 205-224

Manier-Glavinaz V, Couty R, Lagache M (1989) The removal of alkalis from beryl: Structural adjustments, The Canadian Mineralogist, 27, 663-671   [view file]

Hagemann H, Lucken A, Bill H, Gysler-Sanz J, Stalder H A (1990) Polarized Raman spectra of beryl and bazzite, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 17, 395-401

Sherriff B L, Grundy H D, Hartman J S, Hawthorne F C, Černý P (1991) The incorporation of alkalis in beryl: multi-nuclear MAS NMR and crystal-structure study, The Canadian Mineralogist, 29, 271-285   [view file]

Taylor R P, Fallick A E, Breaks F W (1992) Volatile evolution in Archean rare-element granitic pegmatites: evidence from the hydrogen isotopic composition of channel H2O in beryl, The Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 877-893   [view file]

Artioli G, Rindali R, Ståhl K, Zanazzi P F (1993) Structure refinements of beryl by single-crystal neutron and X-ray diffraction, American Mineralogist, 78, 762-768   [view file]

Kim C C, Bell M I, McKeown D A (1995) Vibrational analysis of beryl (Be3Al2Si6O18) and its constituent ring (Si6O18), Physica B, 205, 193-208

Pilati T, Demartin F, Gramaccioli C M (1997) Lattice-dynamical evaluation of thermodynamic properties and atomic displacement parameters for beryl using a transferable empirical force field, American Mineralogist, 82, 1054-1062   [view file]

Kloprogge J T, Frost R L (2000) Raman microscopic study at 300 and 77 K of some pegmatite minerals from the Iveland-Evje area, Aust-Agder, Southern Norway, Spectrochimica Acta Part A-Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 56, 501-513   [link]

Kolesov B A, Geiger C A (2000) The orientation and vibrational states of H2O in synthetic alkali-free beryl, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 27, 557-564   [link]

Moroz I, Roth M, Boudeulle M, Panczer G (2000) Raman microspectroscopy and fluorescence of emeralds from various deposits, Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 31, 485-490

Diego Gatta G, Nestola F, Bromiley G D, Mattauch S (2006) The real topological configuration of the extra-framework content in alkali-poor beryl: a multi-methodological study, American Mineralogist, 91, 29-34   [view file]

Adamo I, Gatta G D, Rotiroti N, Diella V, Pavese A (2008) Gemmological investigation of a synthetic blue beryl: a multi-methodological study, Mineralogical Magazine, 72, 799-808   [view file]

Fukuda J, Shinoda K, Nakashima S, Miyoshi N, Aikawa N (2009) Polarized infrared spectroscopic study of diffusion of water molecules along structure channels in beryl, American Mineralogist, 94, 981-985   [view file]

Groat L A, Rossman G R, Dyar M D, Turner D, Piccoli P M B, Schultz A J, Ottolini L (2010) Crystal chemistry of dark blue aquamarine from the True Blue showing, Yukon Territory, Canada, The Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 597-613   [view file]

Huong L T T, Häger T, Hofmeister W (2010) Confocal micro-Raman spectroscopy: a powerful tool to identify natural and synthetic emeralds, Gems & Gemology, 46, 36-41

Andersson L O (2013) The yellow color center and trapped electrons in beryl, The Canadian Mineralogist, 51, 15-25

Přikryl J, Novák M, Filip J, Gadas P, Galiová M V (2014) Iron+magnesium-bearing beryl from granitic pegmatites: an empa, LA-ICP-MS, Mössbauer spectroscopy, and powder XRD study, The Canadian Mineralogist, 52, 271-284

Sardi F G, Heimann A (2014) Pegmatitic beryl as indicator of melt evolution: example from the Velasco district, Pampeana Pegmatite Province, Argentina, and review of worldwide occurrences, The Canadian Mineralogist, 52, 809-836

Ollier N, Fuchs Y, Cavani O, Horn A H, Rossano S (2015) Influence of impurities on Cr3+ luminescence properties in Brazilian emerald and alexandrite, European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 783-792

Mashkovtsev R I, Thomas V G, Fursenko D A, Zhukova E S, Uskov V V, Gorshunov B P (2016) FTIR spectroscopy of D2O and HDO molecules in the c-axis channels of synthetic beryl, American Mineralogist, 101, 175-180

Tempesta G, Agrosì G (2016) Standardless, minimally destructive chemical analysis of red beryls by means of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy, European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 571-580