Almandine R040076

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Record 1 of 13  

Name: Almandine
RRUFF ID: R040076
Ideal Chemistry: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Locality: Barton Garnet mine, Gore Mountain, Warren County, New York, USA
Source: University of Arizona Mineral Museum 7976 [view label]
Owner: RRUFF
Description: Red coarsely crystalline
Status: The identification of this mineral has been confirmed by X-ray diffraction and chemical analysis
Mineral Group: [ garnet (93) ]
Quick search: [ All Almandine samples (13) ]
RRUFF ID: R040076.2
Sample Description: Microprobe Fragment
Measured Chemistry: (Fe2+1.38Mg1.26Ca0.33Mn0.03)Σ=3Al2.00(Si1.00O4)3; trace amounts of Ti
Microprobe Data File: [ Download Excel File ]
Sample Description: Sample is oriented, mounted onto a pin and polished
Pin ID: M00102
Orientation: Laser parallel to  -a*  (-1 0 0).     Fiducial mark perpendicular to laser is parallel to  b   [0 1 0].

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Raman Mode Analysis
Direction of polarization of laser relative to fiducial mark:
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RRUFF ID: R040076
Sample Description: Unoriented sample
Instrument settings: Thermo Almega XR 532nm @ 100% of 150mW
INFRARED SPECTRUM (Attenuated Total Reflectance) 
RRUFF ID: R040076.1
Instrument settings: SensIR Durascope on a Nicolet Magna 860 FTIR
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RRUFF ID: R040076.1
Sample Description: Powder
Cell Refinement Output: a: 11.5389(2)Å    b: 11.5389(2)Å    c: 11.5389(2)Å
alpha: 90.°    beta: 90.°    gamma: 90.°   Volume: 1536.39(8)Å3    Crystal System: cubic
  File Type Information Close
Calculated diffraction file.

  File Type Information Close
Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

  File Type Information Close
Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

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REFERENCES for Almandine

American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database Record: [view record]

Anthony J W, Bideaux R A, Bladh K W, and Nichols M C (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson Arizona, USA, by permission of the Mineralogical Society of America. [view file]

Skinner B J (1956) Physical properties of end-members of the garnet group, American Mineralogist, 41, 428-436

Manning P G (1967) The optical absorption spectra of the garnets almandine-pyrope, pyrope and spessartine and some structural interpretations of mineralogical significance, The Canadian Mineralogist, 9, 237-251   [view file]

Green D H, Lockwood J P, Kiss E (1968) Eclogite and almandine-jadeite-quartz rock from the Guajira Peninsula, Columbia, South America, American Mineralogist, 53, 1320-1335   [view file]

Novak G A, Gibbs G V (1971) The crystal chemistry of the silicate garnets, American Mineralogist, 56, 791-825   [view file]

Emiliani F, Venturelli G (1972) Sharp compositional zoning in an almandine garnet, The Canadian Mineralogist, 11, 464-472   [view file]

Crawford M L (1977) Calcium zoning in almandine garnet, Wissahickon Formation, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, The Canadian Mineralogist, 15, 243-249   [view file]

Shimazaki H (1977) Grossular-spessartine-almandine garnets from some Japanese scheelite skarns, The Canadian Mineralogist, 15, 74-80   [view file]

Speer J A (1981) Petrology of cordierite– and almandine–bearing granitoid plutons of the southern Appalachian Piedmont, U.S.A., The Canadian Mineralogist, 19, 35-46   [view file]

Hofmeister A M, Chopelas A (1991) Vibrational spectroscopy of end-member silicate garnets, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 17, 503-526   [link]

Armbruster T, Geiger C A, Lager G A (1992) Single-crystal X-Ray structure study of synthetic pyrope almandine garnets at 100 and 293 K, American Mineralogist, 77, 512-521   [view file]

Griffen D T, Hatch D M, Phillips W R, Kulaksiz S (1992) Crystal chemistry and symmetry of a birefringent tetragonal pyralspite75–grandite25 garnet, American Mineralogist, 77, 399-406   [view file]

Newton R C, Harlov D E (1993) Standard thermodynamic properties of almandine, The Canadian Mineralogist, 31, 391-399   [view file]

Pinet M, Smith D C (1994) Raman microspectrometry of garnets X3Y2Z3O12 2. The natural aluminium series pyrope-almandine-spessartine, Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 74, 161-179   [link]

Pilati T, Demartin F, Gramaccioli C M (1996) Atomic displacement parameters for garnets: A lattice-dynamical evaluation, Acta Crystallographica, B52, 239-250

Chmielová M, Martinec P, Weiss Z (1997) Almandine-pyrope-grossular garnets: a method for estimating their composition using X-ray powder diffraction patterns, European Journal of Mineralogy, 9, 403-409

Kolesov B A, Geiger C A (1997) Raman scattering in silicate garnets an investigation of their resonance intensities, Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 28, 659-662   [link]

Kolesov B A, Geiger C A (1998) Raman spectra of silicate garnets, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 25, 142-151   [link]

Milman V, Winkler B, Nobes R H, Akhmatchaya E V, Pickard C J, White J A (2000) Garnets: structure, compressibility, dynamics, and disorder, Journal of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, 52, issue 7 22-25

Arredondo E H, Rossman G R (2002) Feasibility of determining the quantitative OH content of garnets with Raman spectroscopy, American Mineralogist, 87, 307-311   [view file]

Boffa Ballaran T, Carpenter M A (2003) Line broadening and enthalpy: Some empirical calibrations of solid solution behaviour from IR spectra, Phase Transitions, 76, 137-154

Teertstra D K (2006) Index-of-refraction and unit-cell constraints on cation valence and pattern of order in garnet-group minerals, The Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 341-346   [view file]

Taran M N, Dyar M D, Matsyuk S S (2007) Optical absorption study of natural garnets of almandine-skiagite composition showing intervalence Fe2+ + Fe3+ —› Fe3+ + Fe2+ charge-transfer transition, American Mineralogist, 92, 753-760   [view file]

Dachs E, Geiger C A, Benisek A (2012) Almandine: Lattice and non-lattice heat capacity behavior and standard thermodynamic properties, American Mineralogist, 97, 1771-1782   [view file]

Geiger C A (2013) Static disorders of atoms and experimental determination of Debye temperature in pyrope: Low- and high-temperature single-crystal X-ray diffraction study—Discussion, American Mineralogist, 98, 780-782

Grew E S, Locock A J, Mills S J, Galuskina I O, Galuskin E V, Hålenius U (2013) Nomenclature of the garnet supergroup, American Mineralogist, 98, 785-811   [view file]

Nakatsuka A, Shimokawa M, Nakayama N, Ohtaka O, Arima H, Okube M, Yoshiasa A (2013) Static disorders of atoms and experimental determination of Debye temperature in pyrope: Low- and high-temperature single-crystal X-ray diffraction study—Reply, American Mineralogist, 98, 783-784

Moscati R J, Johnson C A (2014) Major element and oxygen isotope geochemistry of vapour-phase garnet from the Topopah Spring Tuff at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, USA, Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1029-1041