Elbaite X050066

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Record 2 of 13  
Name: Elbaite
RRUFF ID: X050066
Ideal Chemistry: Na(Al1.5Li1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Locality: Otjimbinque, Namibia
Source: G.R. Rossman 1368
Owner: Caltech
Description:
Status: The identification of this mineral has been determined only by Raman spectroscopy
Mineral Group: [ tourmaline (47) ]
Quick search: [ All Elbaite samples (13) ]
RAMAN SPECTRUM 
Sample Description: de-polarized laser on unoriented sample
Instrument settings: none 514nm @ 100% of mW
X Min:    X Max:    X Sort:
REFERENCES for Elbaite

American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database Record: [view record]

Anthony J W, Bideaux R A, Bladh K W, and Nichols M C (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson Arizona, USA, by permission of the Mineralogical Society of America. [view file]

Vernadsky W (1913) Über die chemische Formel der Turmaline, Zeitschrift für Krystallographie und Mineralogie, 53, 273-288   [view file]

Donnay G, Barton R (1972) Refinement of the crystal structure of elbaite and the mechanism of tourmaline solid solution, Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 18, 273-286

Alvarez M A, Coy-Yll R (1978) Raman spectra of tourmaline, Spectrochimica Acta Part A-Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 34, 899-908

Schmetzer K, Nuber B, Abraham K (1979) Zur Kristallchemie Magnesium-reicher Turmaline, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 136, 93-112

Peng M, Mao H, Chen L, Chao E C T (1989) The polarized Raman spectra of tourmaline, Annual Report of the Director Geophysical Laboratory, 1989, 99-105   [view file]

Burns P C, MacDonald D J, Hawthorne F C (1994) The crystal chemistry of manganese-bearing elbaite, The Canadian Mineralogist, 32, 31-41   [view file]

Gashrova B, Mihailova B, Konstantinov L (1997) Raman spectra of various types of tourmaline, European Journal of Mineralogy, 9, 935-940

Dyar M D, Taylor M E, Lutz T M, Francis C A, Guidotti C V, Wise M (1998) Inclusive chemical characterization of tourmaline: Mössbauer study of Fe valence and site occupancy, American Mineralogist, 83, 848-864   [view file]

Hawthorne F C, Henry D J (1999) Classification of the minerals of the tourmaline group, European Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 201-215

Jambor J L, Roberts A C (2001) New mineral names, American Mineralogist, 86, 767-770   [view file]

Bosi F, Andreozzi G B, Federico M, Graziani G, Lucchesi S (2005) Crystal chemistry of the elbaite-schorl series, American Mineralogist, 90, 1784-1792   [view file]

Ertl A, Hughes J M, Prowatke S, Ludwig T, Prasad P S R, Brandstätter F, Körner W, Schuster R, Pertlik F, Marschall H (2006) Tetrahedrally coordinated boron in tourmalines from the liddicoatite-elbaite series from Madagascar: Structure, chemistry, and infrared spectroscopic studies, American Mineralogist, 91, 1847-1856   [view file]

Shtukenberg A, Rozhdestvenskaya I, Frank-Kamenetskaya O, Bronzova J, Euler H, Kirfel A, Bannova I, Zolotarev A (2007) Symmetry and crystal structure of biaxial elbaite-liddicoatite tourmaline from the Transbaikalia region, Russia, American Mineralogist, 92, 675-686   [view file]

Henry D J, Novák M, Hawthorne F C, Ertl A, Dutrow B L, Uher P, Pezzotta F (2011) Nomenclature of the tourmaline-supergroup minerals, American Mineralogist, 96, 895-913   [view file]

Diego Gatta G, Danisi R M, Adamo I, Meven M, Diella V (2012) A single-crystal neutron and X-ray diffraction study of elbaite, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 39, 577-588

Vereshchagin O S, Rozhdestvenskaya I V, Frank-Kamenetskaya O V, Zolotarev A A, Mashkovtsev R I (2013) Crystal chemistry of Cu-bearing tourmalines, American Mineralogist, 98, 1610-1616

Watenphul A, Burgdorf M, Schlüter J, Horn I, Malcherek T, Mihailova B (2016) Exploring the potential of Raman spectroscopy for crystallochemical analyses of complex hydrous silicates: II. Tourmalines, American Mineralogist, 101, 970-985

Bosi F (2018) Tourmaline crystal chemistry, American Mineralogist, 103, 298-306