Riebeckite R060028

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Record 2 of 3  

Name: Riebeckite
RRUFF ID: R060028
Ideal Chemistry:    Na2(Fe2+3Fe3+2)Si8O22(OH)2
Locality: Transvaal, South Africa
Source: University of Arizona Mineral Museum 9374 [view label]
Owner: RRUFF
Description: Black to blue fibrous, known as blue asbestos
Status: The identification of this mineral has been confirmed by X-ray diffraction and chemical analysis
Mineral Group: [ amphibole (105) ]
Quick search: [ All Riebeckite samples (3) ]
RRUFF ID: R060028.2
Sample Description: Microprobe Fragment
Measured Chemistry: (   0.98K0.02)(Na0.98Ca0.02)2(Fe2+0.85Mg0.15)3(Fe3+0.99   0.01)2Si8.00O22(OH)2
Sample Description: Unoriented sample

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Direction of polarization of laser relative to fiducial mark:
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RRUFF ID: R060028
Sample Description: Unoriented sample
Instrument settings: Thermo Almega XR 532nm @ 100% of 150mW
INFRARED SPECTRUM (Attenuated Total Reflectance) 
RRUFF ID: R060028.1
Sample Description: Powder
Instrument settings: SensIR Durascope on a Nicolet Magna 860 FTIR
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RRUFF ID: R060028.1
Sample Description: Powder
Cell Refinement Output: a: 9.734(3)Å    b: 18.01(1)Å    c: 5.353(2)Å
alpha: 90°    beta: 103.69(5)°    gamma: 90°   Volume: 912.0(0)Å3    Crystal System: monoclinic
  File Type Information Close
Calculated diffraction file.

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Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

  File Type Information Close
Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

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REFERENCES for Riebeckite

Anthony J W, Bideaux R A, Bladh K W, and Nichols M C (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson Arizona, USA, by permission of the Mineralogical Society of America. [view file]

Sauer A (1888) Ueber Riebeckit, ein neues Glied der Hornblendegruppe, sowie über Neubildung von Albit in granitischen Orthoklasen, Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft, 40, 138-152   [view file]

White, A J R (1962) Aegirine-riebeckite shists from South Westland, New Zealand, Journal of Petrology, 3, 38-48

Colville A A, Gibbs G V (1964) Refinement of the crystal structure of riebeckite, Geological Society of America, Abstracts Annual Meetings, 82, 31-31

Klein C (1966) Mineralogy and petrology of the metamorphosed Wabush Iron Formation, Southwestern Labrador, Journal of Petrology, 7, 246-305

Borg I Y (1967) Optical properties and cell parameters in the glaucophane-riebeckite series, Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 15, 67-92   [view file]

Manning P G, Nickel E H (1969) A spectral study of the origin of colour and pleochroism of a titanaugite from Kaiserstuhl and of a riebeckite St. Peter's Dome, Colorado, The Canadian Mineralogist, 10, 71-83   [view file]

Hawthorne F C (1978) The crystal chemistry of the amphiboles. VIII. The crystal structure and site chemistry of fluor-riebeckite, The Canadian Mineralogist, 16, 187-194   [view file]

Leake B E (1978) Nomenclature of amphiboles, American Mineralogist, 63, 1023-1052   [view file]

Bard D, Yarwood J, Tylee B (1997) Asbestos fibre identification by Raman microspectroscopy, Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 28, 803-809   [link]

Leake B E, Woolley A R, Arps C E S, Birch W D, Gilbert M C, Grice J D, Hawthorne F C, Kato A, Kisch H J, Krivovichev V G, Linthout K, Laird J, Mandarino J A, Maresch W V, Nickel E H, Rock N M S, Schumacher J C, Smith D C, Stephenson N C N, Ungaretti L, Whittaker E J W, Youzhi G (1997) Nomenclature of amphiboles: report of the Subcommittee on Amphiboles of the International Mineralogical Association, Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names, The Canadian Mineralogist, 35, 219-246   [view file]

Su S C (2003) A rapid and accurate procedure for the determination of refractive indices of regulated asbestos minerals, American Mineralogist, 88, 1979-1982   [view file]

Rinaudo C, Belluso E, Gastaldi D (2004) Assessment of the use of Raman spectroscopy for the determination of amphibole asbestos, Mineralogical Magazine, 68, 455-465   [view file]

Su S C (2008) in How to use the d-spacing/interfacial angle tables to index zone-axis patterns of amphibole asbestos minerals obtained by selected area electron diffraction in transmission electron microscope Asbestos Analysis Consulting Newark, Delaware 1-160   [view file]

Apopei A I, Buzgar N (2010) The Raman study of amphiboles, Analele Stiintifice Ale Universitatii, Al. I. Cuza Iasi Geologie, 56, 57-83   [view file]

Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Zema M, Hawthorne F C, Redhammer G J, Susta U, Della Ventura G (2018) The high-temperature behaviour of riebeckite: expansivity, deprotonation, selective Fe oxidation and a novel cation disordering scheme for amphiboles, European Journal of Mineralogy, 30, 437-449

Susta U, Della Ventura G, Hawthorne F C, Abdu Y A, Day M C, Mihailova B, Oberti R (2018) The crystal-chemistry of riebeckite, ideally Na2Fe32+Fe23+Si8O22(OH)2: a multi-technique study, Mineralogical Magazine, 82, 837-852

Ventura G D, Mihailova B, Susta U, Guidi M C, Marcelli A, Schlüter J, Oberti R (2018) The dynamics of Fe oxidation in riebeckite: A model for amphiboles, American Mineralogist, 103, 1103-1111