Grunerite R060062

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Record 40 of 105  

Name: Grunerite
RRUFF ID: R060062
Ideal Chemistry:    Fe2+2Fe2+5Si8O22(OH)2
Locality: 2C mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
Source: University of Arizona Mineral Museum 16157 [view label]
Owner: RRUFF
Description: Aggregate of greenish-brown colored parallel acicular crystals
Status: The identification of this mineral has been confirmed by X-ray diffraction and chemical analysis
Mineral Group: [ amphibole (105) ]
Quick search: [ All Grunerite samples (6) ]
RRUFF ID: R060062.2
Sample Description: Microprobe Fragment
Measured Chemistry:    (Fe2+4.32Mg1.90Mn0.54Ca0.22)Σ=7(Si7.98Al0.02)Σ=8O22(OH)2
Microprobe Data File: [ Download Excel File ]
Sample Description: Unoriented sample.

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RRUFF ID: R060062
Sample Description: Unoriented sample.
Instrument settings: Thermo Almega XR 532nm @ 100% of 150mW
INFRARED SPECTRUM (Attenuated Total Reflectance) 
RRUFF ID: R060062.1
Sample Description: Powder
Instrument settings: SensIR Durascope on a Nicolet Magna 860 FTIR
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RRUFF ID: R060062.1
Sample Description: Powder
Cell Refinement Output: a: 9.5681(4)Å    b: 18.270(3)Å    c: 5.324(3)Å
alpha: 90°    beta: 102.107(8)°    gamma: 90°   Volume: 910.0(3)Å3    Crystal System: monoclinic
  File Type Information Close
Calculated diffraction file.

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Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

  File Type Information Close
Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

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REFERENCES for Grunerite

American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database Record: [view record]

Anthony J W, Bideaux R A, Bladh K W, and Nichols M C (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson Arizona, USA, by permission of the Mineralogical Society of America. [view file]

Kenngott A (1853) VIII. Ordnung: Spathe. IX. Geschlecht: Augit-Spathe. 4. Grunerit, in Das Mohs'sche Mineralsystem Verlag und Druck Wien 62-77   [view file]

Winchell A N (1931) Further studies in the amphibole group, American Mineralogist, 16, 250-266   [view file]

Ross C S, Kerr P F (1932) The manganese minerals of a vein near Bald Knob, North Carolina, American Mineralogist, 17, 1-18   [view file]

Klein C (1964) Cummingtonite-grunerite series: A chemical, optical and x-ray study, The American Mineralogist, 49, 963-982   [view file]

Finger L W (1969) The crystal structure and cation distribution of a grunerite, Mineralogical Society of America Special Paper, 2, 95-100   [view file]

Leake B E (1978) Nomenclature of amphiboles, American Mineralogist, 63, 1023-1052   [view file]

Goldman D S, Rossman G R (1982) The identification of Fe2+ in the M4 site of calcic amphiboles: reply, American Mineralogist, 67, 340-342   [view file]

Uchida E (1983) Grunerite from the Shinyama ore deposit, Kamaishi mine, Japan, The Canadian Mineralogist, 21, 517-528   [view file]

Hirschmann M, Evans B W, Yang H (1994) Composition and temperature dependence of Fe-Mg ordering in cummingtonite-grunerite as determined by X-ray diffraction, American Mineralogist, 79, 862-877   [view file]

Bard D, Yarwood J, Tylee B (1997) Asbestos fibre identification by Raman microspectroscopy, Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 28, 803-809   [link]

Leake B E, Woolley A R, Arps C E S, Birch W D, Gilbert M C, Grice J D, Hawthorne F C, Kato A, Kisch H J, Krivovichev V G, Linthout K, Laird J, Mandarino J A, Maresch W V, Nickel E H, Rock N M S, Schumacher J C, Smith D C, Stephenson N C N, Ungaretti L, Whittaker E J W, Youzhi G (1997) Nomenclature of amphiboles: report of the Subcommittee on Amphiboles of the International Mineralogical Association, Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names, The Canadian Mineralogist, 35, 219-246   [view file]

Huang E P (2002) Raman spectroscopic study of amphiboles, Doctoral Dissertation, 1, 1-138   [view file]

Boffa Ballaran T, Carpenter M A (2003) Line broadening and enthalpy: Some empirical calibrations of solid solution behaviour from IR spectra, Phase Transitions, 76, 137-154

Leake B E, Woolley A R, Birch W D, Burke E A J, Ferraris G, Grice J D, Hawthorne F C, Kisch H J, Krivovichev V G, Schumacher J C, Stephenson N C N, Whittaker E J W (2003) Nomenclature of amphiboles: additions and revisions to the International Mineralogical Association’s 1997 recommendations, The Canadian Mineralogist, 41, 1355-1362   [view file]

Rinaudo C, Belluso E, Gastaldi D (2004) Assessment of the use of Raman spectroscopy for the determination of amphibole asbestos, Mineralogical Magazine, 68, 455-465   [view file]

Roth P (2007) Grunerite, in Minerals first discovered in Switzerland and minerals named after Swiss individuals Kristallografik Verlag Achberg Germany 182-183

Apopei A I, Buzgar N (2010) The Raman study of amphiboles, Analele Stiintifice Ale Universitatii, Al. I. Cuza Iasi Geologie, 56, 57-83   [view file]