Pyrope X050130

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Record 67 of 93  
Name: Pyrope
RRUFF ID: X050130
Ideal Chemistry: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Locality: San Bernardo, Dora Maria Massif, Italy
Source: G.R. Rossman 1728
Owner: Caltech
Status: The identification of this mineral has been confirmed only by chemical analysis
Mineral Group: [ garnet (93) ]
Quick search: [ All Pyrope samples (13) ]
Sample Description: de-polarized laser on unoriented sample
Instrument settings: none 514nm @ 100% of mW
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American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database Record: [view record]

Anthony J W, Bideaux R A, Bladh K W, and Nichols M C (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson Arizona, USA, by permission of the Mineralogical Society of America. [view file]

Henckel J F (1757) Chalco-pyrites, in Pyritologia: or, a history of the pyrites, the principal body in the mineral kingdom [English translation] Millar and Linde London 16-16   [view file]

Klaproth M H (1797) Chemische Untersuchung des böhmischen Granats, Beiträge zur Chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, 2, 16-21   [view file]

Ludwig C F (1803) Sippschaft des granats. Pyrop, in Handbuch der Mineralogie nach A. G. Werner Siegfried Lebr├ęcht Crusius Leipzig 62-67   [view file]

Skinner B J (1956) Physical properties of end-members of the garnet group, American Mineralogist, 41, 428-436

Manning P G (1967) The optical absorption spectra of the garnets almandine-pyrope, pyrope and spessartine and some structural interpretations of mineralogical significance, The Canadian Mineralogist, 9, 237-251   [view file]

Novak G A, Gibbs G V (1971) The crystal chemistry of the silicate garnets, American Mineralogist, 56, 791-825   [view file]

Ringwood A E (1977) Synthesis of pyrope-knorringite solid solution series, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 36, 443-448   [view file]

Artioli G, Pavese A, Ståhl K, McMullan R K (1979) Single-crystal neutron-diffraction study of pyrope in the temperature range 30-1173 K, The Canadian Mineralogist, 35, 1009-1019   [view file]

Levien L, Prewitt C, Weidner D (1979) Compression of pyrope, American Mineralogist, 64, 805-808   [view file]

Hofmeister A M, Chopelas A (1991) Vibrational spectroscopy of end-member silicate garnets, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 17, 503-526   [link]

Wang A, Wang W, Zhang A (1991) Microstructural variations of a pyrope inclusion in diamond, as revealed by a micro-Raman spectroscopic study, The Canadian Mineralogist, 29, 517-524   [view file]

Armbruster T, Geiger C A, Lager G A (1992) Single-crystal X-Ray structure study of synthetic pyrope almandine garnets at 100 and 293 K, American Mineralogist, 77, 512-521   [view file]

Armbruster T, Geiger C A (1993) Andradite crystal chemistry, dynamic X-site disorder and structural strain in silicate garnets, European Journal of Mineralogy, 5, 59-71

Pinet M, Smith D C (1994) Raman microspectrometry of garnets X3Y2Z3O12 2. The natural aluminium series pyrope-almandine-spessartine, Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 74, 161-179   [link]

Pilati T, Demartin F, Gramaccioli C M (1996) Atomic displacement parameters for garnets: A lattice-dynamical evaluation, Acta Crystallographica, B52, 239-250

Chmielová M, Martinec P, Weiss Z (1997) Almandine-pyrope-grossular garnets: a method for estimating their composition using X-ray powder diffraction patterns, European Journal of Mineralogy, 9, 403-409

Kolesov B A, Geiger C A (1997) Raman scattering in silicate garnets an investigation of their resonance intensities, Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 28, 659-662   [link]

Kolesov B A, Geiger C A (1998) Raman spectra of silicate garnets, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 25, 142-151   [link]

Kolesov B A, Geiger C A (2000) Low-temperature single-crystal Raman spectrum of pyrope, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 27, 645-649   [link]

Milman V, Winkler B, Nobes R H, Akhmatchaya E V, Pickard C J, White J A (2000) Garnets: structure, compressibility, dynamics, and disorder, Journal of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, 52, issue 7 22-25

Manoun B, de Waal D, Merkle R (2001) The crystal chemistry and Raman spectroscopy of kimberlitic G-9 garnets, Crystal Engineering, 4, 283-291   [link]

Shannon R D, Shannon R C, Medenbach O, Fischer R X (2002) Refractive index and dispersion of flourides and oxides, Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, 31, 931-970   [view file]

Hofmeister A, Giesting P, Wopenka B, Gwanmesia G, Jolliff B (2004) Vibrational spectroscopy of pyrope-majorite garnets: structural implications, American Mineralogist, 89, 132-146   [view file]

Oberti R, Quartieri S, Dalconi M C, Boscherini F, Iezzi G, Boiocchi M, Eeckhout S G (2006) Site preference and local geometry of Sc in garnets: Part I. Multifarious mechanisms in the pyrope-grossular join, American Mineralogist, 91, 1230-1239   [view file]

Teertstra D K (2006) Index-of-refraction and unit-cell constraints on cation valence and pattern of order in garnet-group minerals, The Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 341-346   [view file]

Vinograd V L, Winkler B, Wilson D J, Putnis A, Gale J D (2006) Monte Carlo simulation of mixing in Ca3Fe2Ge3O12 – Ca4Ge4O12 garnets and implications for the thermodynamic stability of pyrope-majorite solid solution, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 33, 533-544

Nakatsuka A, Shimokawa M, Nakayama N, Ohtaka O, Arima H, Okube M, Yoshiasa A (2011) Static disorders of atoms and experimental determination of Debye temperature in pyrope: Low- and high-temperature single-crystal X-ray diffraction study, American Mineralogist, 96, 1593-1605   [view file]

Nestola F, Merli M, Nimis P, Parisatto M, Kopylova M, De Stefano A, Longo M, Ziberna L, Manghnani M (2012) In situ analysis of garnet inclusion in diamond using single-crystal X-ray diffraction and X-ray micro-tomography, European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 599-606

Geiger C A (2013) Static disorders of atoms and experimental determination of Debye temperature in pyrope: Low- and high-temperature single-crystal X-ray diffraction study—Discussion, American Mineralogist, 98, 780-782

Grew E S, Locock A J, Mills S J, Galuskina I O, Galuskin E V, Hålenius U (2013) Nomenclature of the garnet supergroup, American Mineralogist, 98, 785-811   [view file]

Nakatsuka A, Shimokawa M, Nakayama N, Ohtaka O, Arima H, Okube M, Yoshiasa A (2013) Static disorders of atoms and experimental determination of Debye temperature in pyrope: Low- and high-temperature single-crystal X-ray diffraction study—Reply, American Mineralogist, 98, 783-784

Du W, Clark S M, Walker D (2015) Thermo-compression of pyrope-grossular garnet solid solutions: Non-linear compositional dependence, American Mineralogist, 100, 215-222

Chantel J, Manthilake G M, Frost D J, Beyer C, Ballaran T B, Jing Z, Wang Y (2016) Elastic wave velocities in polycrystalline Mg3Al2Si3O12-pyrope garnet to 24 GPa and 1300 K, American Mineralogist, 101, 991-997

Du W, Clark S M, Walker D (2016) Excess mixing volume, microstrain, and stability of pyrope-grossular garnets, American Mineralogist, 101, 193-204

Palke A C, Geiger C A (2016) Trivalent transition-metal cations and local structure in pyrope- and grossular-rich solid solutions investigated by 27Al and 29Si MAS NMR spectroscopy, 28, 179-187

Pierre M D L, Belmonte D (2016) Ab initio investigation of majorite and pyrope garnets: lattice dynamics and vibrational spectra, American Mineralogist, 101, 162-174