Elbaite R070564

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Record 18 of 47  

Name: Elbaite
RRUFF ID: R070564
Ideal Chemistry: Na(Al1.5Li1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Locality: unknown
Source: Gemological Institute of America 30855
Owner: RRUFF
Description: Green outer portion of a zoned watermelon tourmaline slice, see also R060566 (pink) and R070563 (white)
Status: The identification of this mineral is confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and chemical analysis.
Mineral Group: [ tourmaline (47) ]
Quick search: [ All Elbaite samples (13) ]
CHEMISTRY 
RRUFF ID: R070564.2
Sample Description: Microprobe Fragment
Measured Chemistry: (Na0.77   0.19Ca0.04)Σ=1(Al1.69Li0.66Fe2+0.49Mn0.12Mg0.03Ti0.01)Σ=3Al6.00(BO3)3Si6.00O18((OH)3.10F0.90)Σ=4; H2O from stoichiometry after deduction of F; B2O3 by difference; Li by charge balance
Microprobe Data File: [ Download Excel File ]
RAMAN SPECTRUM 
RRUFF ID:
Sample Description: Unoriented sample
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Raman Mode Analysis
Direction of polarization of laser relative to fiducial mark:
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BROAD SCAN WITH SPECTRAL ARTIFACTS
RRUFF ID: R070564
Wavelength:
Sample Description: Unoriented sample
Instrument settings: Thermo Almega XR 532nm @ 100% of 150mW
POWDER DIFFRACTION 
RRUFF ID: R070564.9
Sample Description: Single crystal, powder profile is calculated
Cell Refinement Output: a: 15.871(1)Å    b: 15.871(1)Å    c: 7.1016(7)Å
alpha: 90°    beta: 90°    gamma: 120°   Volume: 1549.3(1)Å3    Crystal System: hexagonal
  File Type Information Close
Calculated diffraction file.

  File Type Information Close
Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

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REFERENCES for Elbaite

American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database Record: [view record]

Anthony J W, Bideaux R A, Bladh K W, and Nichols M C (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson Arizona, USA, by permission of the Mineralogical Society of America. [view file]

Vernadsky W (1913) Über die chemische Formel der Turmaline, Zeitschrift für Krystallographie und Mineralogie, 53, 273-288   [view file]

Donnay G, Barton R (1972) Refinement of the crystal structure of elbaite and the mechanism of tourmaline solid solution, Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 18, 273-286

Alvarez M A, Coy-Yll R (1978) Raman spectra of tourmaline, Spectrochimica Acta Part A-Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 34, 899-908

Schmetzer K, Nuber B, Abraham K (1979) Zur Kristallchemie Magnesium-reicher Turmaline, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 136, 93-112

Peng M, Mao H, Chen L, Chao E C T (1989) The polarized Raman spectra of tourmaline, Annual Report of the Director Geophysical Laboratory, 1989, 99-105   [view file]

Burns P C, MacDonald D J, Hawthorne F C (1994) The crystal chemistry of manganese-bearing elbaite, The Canadian Mineralogist, 32, 31-41   [view file]

Gashrova B, Mihailova B, Konstantinov L (1997) Raman spectra of various types of tourmaline, European Journal of Mineralogy, 9, 935-940

Dyar M D, Taylor M E, Lutz T M, Francis C A, Guidotti C V, Wise M (1998) Inclusive chemical characterization of tourmaline: Mössbauer study of Fe valence and site occupancy, American Mineralogist, 83, 848-864   [view file]

Hawthorne F C, Henry D J (1999) Classification of the minerals of the tourmaline group, European Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 201-215

Jambor J L, Roberts A C (2001) New mineral names, American Mineralogist, 86, 767-770   [view file]

Bosi F, Andreozzi G B, Federico M, Graziani G, Lucchesi S (2005) Crystal chemistry of the elbaite-schorl series, American Mineralogist, 90, 1784-1792   [view file]

Ertl A, Hughes J M, Prowatke S, Ludwig T, Prasad P S R, Brandstätter F, Körner W, Schuster R, Pertlik F, Marschall H (2006) Tetrahedrally coordinated boron in tourmalines from the liddicoatite-elbaite series from Madagascar: Structure, chemistry, and infrared spectroscopic studies, American Mineralogist, 91, 1847-1856   [view file]

Shtukenberg A, Rozhdestvenskaya I, Frank-Kamenetskaya O, Bronzova J, Euler H, Kirfel A, Bannova I, Zolotarev A (2007) Symmetry and crystal structure of biaxial elbaite-liddicoatite tourmaline from the Transbaikalia region, Russia, American Mineralogist, 92, 675-686   [view file]

Henry D J, Novák M, Hawthorne F C, Ertl A, Dutrow B L, Uher P, Pezzotta F (2011) Nomenclature of the tourmaline-supergroup minerals, American Mineralogist, 96, 895-913   [view file]

Diego Gatta G, Danisi R M, Adamo I, Meven M, Diella V (2012) A single-crystal neutron and X-ray diffraction study of elbaite, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 39, 577-588

Vereshchagin O S, Rozhdestvenskaya I V, Frank-Kamenetskaya O V, Zolotarev A A, Mashkovtsev R I (2013) Crystal chemistry of Cu-bearing tourmalines, American Mineralogist, 98, 1610-1616

Watenphul A, Burgdorf M, Schlüter J, Horn I, Malcherek T, Mihailova B (2016) Exploring the potential of Raman spectroscopy for crystallochemical analyses of complex hydrous silicates: II. Tourmalines, American Mineralogist, 101, 970-985

Bosi F (2018) Tourmaline crystal chemistry, American Mineralogist, 103, 298-306