Almandine X050010

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Record 6 of 14  
Name: Almandine
RRUFF ID: X050010
Ideal Chemistry: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Locality: Wrangel, Alaska, USA
Source: George R. Rossman GRR-1056
Owner: George R. Rossman
Status: The identification of this mineral has been determined only by Raman spectroscopy
Mineral Group: [ garnet (97) ]
Quick search: [ All Almandine samples (14) ]
Sample Description: de-polarized laser on unoriented sample
Measured Chemistry: (Fe.684Mg.197Ca.061Mn.058)3Al2(SiO4)3
Sample Description: de-polarized laser on unoriented sample
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REFERENCES for Almandine

American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database Record: [view record]

Anthony J W, Bideaux R A, Bladh K W, and Nichols M C (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson Arizona, USA, by permission of the Mineralogical Society of America. [view file]

Skinner B J (1956) Physical properties of end-members of the garnet group, American Mineralogist, 41, 428-436

Manning P G (1967) The optical absorption spectra of the garnets almandine-pyrope, pyrope and spessartine and some structural interpretations of mineralogical significance, The Canadian Mineralogist, 9, 237-251   [view file]

Green D H, Lockwood J P, Kiss E (1968) Eclogite and almandine-jadeite-quartz rock from the Guajira Peninsula, Columbia, South America, American Mineralogist, 53, 1320-1335   [view file]

Novak G A, Gibbs G V (1971) The crystal chemistry of the silicate garnets, American Mineralogist, 56, 791-825   [view file]

Emiliani F, Venturelli G (1972) Sharp compositional zoning in an almandine garnet, The Canadian Mineralogist, 11, 464-472   [view file]

Crawford M L (1977) Calcium zoning in almandine garnet, Wissahickon Formation, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, The Canadian Mineralogist, 15, 243-249   [view file]

Shimazaki H (1977) Grossular-spessartine-almandine garnets from some Japanese scheelite skarns, The Canadian Mineralogist, 15, 74-80   [view file]

Speer J A (1981) Petrology of cordierite– and almandine–bearing granitoid plutons of the southern Appalachian Piedmont, U.S.A., The Canadian Mineralogist, 19, 35-46   [view file]

Hofmeister A M, Chopelas A (1991) Vibrational spectroscopy of end-member silicate garnets, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 17, 503-526   [link]

Armbruster T, Geiger C A, Lager G A (1992) Single-crystal X-Ray structure study of synthetic pyrope almandine garnets at 100 and 293 K, American Mineralogist, 77, 512-521   [view file]

Griffen D T, Hatch D M, Phillips W R, Kulaksiz S (1992) Crystal chemistry and symmetry of a birefringent tetragonal pyralspite75–grandite25 garnet, American Mineralogist, 77, 399-406   [view file]

Newton R C, Harlov D E (1993) Standard thermodynamic properties of almandine, The Canadian Mineralogist, 31, 391-399   [view file]

Pinet M, Smith D C (1994) Raman microspectrometry of garnets X3Y2Z3O12 2. The natural aluminium series pyrope-almandine-spessartine, Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 74, 161-179   [link]

Woodland A B, Ross C R (1994) —A crystallographic and mössbauer spectroscopy study of Fe2+3Al2Si3O12—Fe2+3Fe3+2Si3O12, (almandine-"skiagite") and Ca3Fe3+2Si3O12—Fe2+3Fe3+2Si3O12 (andradite-"skiagite") garnet solid solutions, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 21, 117-132   [view file]

Pilati T, Demartin F, Gramaccioli C M (1996) Atomic displacement parameters for garnets: A lattice-dynamical evaluation, Acta Crystallographica, B52, 239-250

Chmielová M, Martinec P, Weiss Z (1997) Almandine-pyrope-grossular garnets: a method for estimating their composition using X-ray powder diffraction patterns, European Journal of Mineralogy, 9, 403-409

Kolesov B A, Geiger C A (1997) Raman scattering in silicate garnets an investigation of their resonance intensities, Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 28, 659-662   [link]

Kolesov B A, Geiger C A (1998) Raman spectra of silicate garnets, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 25, 142-151   [link]

Milman V, Winkler B, Nobes R H, Akhmatchaya E V, Pickard C J, White J A (2000) Garnets: structure, compressibility, dynamics, and disorder, Journal of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, 52, issue 7 22-25

Arredondo E H, Rossman G R (2002) Feasibility of determining the quantitative OH content of garnets with Raman spectroscopy, American Mineralogist, 87, 307-311   [view file]

Boffa Ballaran T, Carpenter M A (2003) Line broadening and enthalpy: Some empirical calibrations of solid solution behaviour from IR spectra, Phase Transitions, 76, 137-154

Teertstra D K (2006) Index-of-refraction and unit-cell constraints on cation valence and pattern of order in garnet-group minerals, The Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 341-346   [view file]

Taran M N, Dyar M D, Matsyuk S S (2007) Optical absorption study of natural garnets of almandine-skiagite composition showing intervalence Fe2+ + Fe3+ —› Fe3+ + Fe2+ charge-transfer transition, American Mineralogist, 92, 753-760   [view file]

Dachs E, Geiger C A, Benisek A (2012) Almandine: Lattice and non-lattice heat capacity behavior and standard thermodynamic properties, American Mineralogist, 97, 1771-1782   [view file]

Geiger C A (2013) Static disorders of atoms and experimental determination of Debye temperature in pyrope: Low- and high-temperature single-crystal X-ray diffraction study—Discussion, American Mineralogist, 98, 780-782

Grew E S, Locock A J, Mills S J, Galuskina I O, Galuskin E V, Hålenius U (2013) Nomenclature of the garnet supergroup, American Mineralogist, 98, 785-811   [view file]

Nakatsuka A, Shimokawa M, Nakayama N, Ohtaka O, Arima H, Okube M, Yoshiasa A (2013) Static disorders of atoms and experimental determination of Debye temperature in pyrope: Low- and high-temperature single-crystal X-ray diffraction study—Reply, American Mineralogist, 98, 783-784

Moscati R J, Johnson C A (2014) Major element and oxygen isotope geochemistry of vapour-phase garnet from the Topopah Spring Tuff at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, USA, Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1029-1041

Geiger C A, Rossman G R (2018) IR spectroscopy and OH- in silicate garnet: The long quest to document hydrogarnet substitution, American Mineralogist, 103, 384-393

Urosevic M, Nebel O, Padrón-Navarta J A, Rubatto D (2018) Assessment of O and Fe isotope heterogeneity in garnet from Kakanui (New Zealand) and Erongo (Namibia), European Journal of Mineralogy, 30, 695-710

Caporuscio F A, Oberti R, Smyth J R (2019) X-site control on rare earth elements in eclogitic garnets – an XRD study, European Journal of Mineralogy, 31, 453-463

Liu Z, Gréaux S, Cai N, Siersch N, Ballaran T B, Irifune T, Frost D J (2019) Influence of aluminum on the elasticity of majorite-pyrope garnets, American Mineralogist, 104, 929-935