Kyanite R040119

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Record 1 of 4  

Name: Kyanite
RRUFF ID: R040119
Ideal Chemistry: Al2OSiO4
Locality: Rutherford County, North Carolina, USA
Source: University of Arizona Mineral Museum 13215 [view label]
Owner: RRUFF
Description: Blue bladed crystal
Status: The identification of this mineral has been confirmed by X-ray diffraction and chemical analysis
Mineral Group: [ Not in a structural group (133) ]
Quick search: [ All Kyanite samples (4) ]
RRUFF ID: R040119.2
Sample Description: Microprobe Fragment
Measured Chemistry: (Al0.99Fe3+0.01)2OSi1.00O4
Sample Description: Sample is oriented, mounted onto a pin and polished
Pin ID: L00448
Orientation: Laser parallel to  -a*  (-1 0 0).     Fiducial mark perpendicular to laser is parallel to  b   [0 1 0].

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RRUFF ID: R040119
Sample Description: Unoriented sample
Instrument settings: Thermo Almega XR 532nm @ 100% of 150mW
INFRARED SPECTRUM (Attenuated Total Reflectance) 
RRUFF ID: R040119.1
Sample Description: Powder
Instrument settings: SensIR Durascope on a Nicolet Magna 860 FTIR
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RRUFF ID: R040119.1
Sample Description: Powder
Cell Refinement Output: a: 7.1240(4)Å    b: 7.8517(2)Å    c: 5.5762(2)Å
alpha: 89.86(1)°    beta: 101.13(1)°    gamma: 106.032(4)°   Volume: 293.70(1)Å3    Crystal System: triclinic
  File Type Information Close
Calculated diffraction file.

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Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

  File Type Information Close
Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

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REFERENCES for Kyanite

American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database Record: [view record]

Anthony J W, Bideaux R A, Bladh K W, and Nichols M C (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson Arizona, USA, by permission of the Mineralogical Society of America. [view file]

Hoffmann C A S (1789) Mineralsystem des Herrn Inspektor Werners mit dessen Erlaubnis herausgegeben von C A S Hoffmann, Bergmannisches Journal, 1, 369-398   [view file]

Hutton C O (1950) Studies of heavy detrital minerals, Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 61, 635-710   [view file]

de Rango C, Tsoucaris G, Zelwer C, Devaux J (1966) Comparaison de deux affinements de la structure de la cyanite, Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 89, 419-424   [view file]

Church W R (1967) Abstract of paper presented at the twelfth annual meeting: The occurrence of kyanite, andalusite, pyrophyllite and kaolinite in lower Proterozoic (Huronian) rocks of Ontario, The Canadian Mineralogist, 9, 287-287   [view file]

International Mineralogical Association (1967) Commission on new minerals and mineral names, Mineralogical Magazine, 36, 131-136   [view file]

Faye G H, Nickel E H (1969) On the origin of colour and pleochroism of kyanite, The Canadian Mineralogist, 10, 35-46   [view file]

Ghent E D, Knitter C C, Raeside R P, Stout M Z (1982) Geothermometry and geobarometry of pelitic rocks, upper kyanite and sillimanite zones, Mica Creek area, British Columbia, The Canadian Mineralogist, 20, 295-305   [view file]

Lang H M (1991) Quantitative interpretation of within-outcrop variation in metamorphic assemblage in staurolite-kyanite-grade metapelites, Baltimore, Maryland, The Canadian Mineralogist, 29, 655-671   [view file]

Mernagh T P, Liu L (1991) Raman spectra from the Al2SiO5 polymorphs at high pressure and room temperature, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 18, 126-130

Indares A (1997) Garnet-kyanite clinopyroxenites and garnet-kyanite restites from the Manicouagan Imbricate Zone: a case of high-P – high-T metamorphism in the Grenville Province, The Canadian Mineralogist, 35, 1161-1171   [view file]

Pan Y, Fleet M E (1999) Kyanite in the western Superior Province of Ontario: implications for Archean accretionary tectonics, The Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 359-373   [view file]

Shannon R D, Shannon R C, Medenbach O, Fischer R X (2002) Refractive index and dispersion of fluorides and oxides, Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, 31, 931-970   [view file]

Ohuchi F S, Ghose S, Engelhard M H, Baer D R (2006) Chemical bonding and electronic structures of the Al2SiO5 polymorphs, andalusite, sillimanite, and kyanite: X-ray photoelectron- and electron energy loss spectroscopy studies, American Mineralogist, 91, 740-746   [view file]

Mikowski A, Soares P, Wypych F, Lepienski C M (2008) Fracture toughness, hardness, and elastic modulus of kyanite investigated by depth-sensing indentation technique, American Mineralogist, 93, 844-852   [view file]

Whitney D L, Samuelson W J (2019) Crystallization sequences of coexisting andalusite, kyanite, and sillimanite, and a report on a new locality: Lesjaverk, Norway, European Journal of Mineralogy, 31, 731-737