Violarite R060846



Name: Violarite
RRUFF ID: R060846
Ideal Chemistry: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Locality: Perseverance mine, Agnew, Western Australia
Source: Michael Scott S100939 [view label]
Owner: RRUFF
Description: Violet metallic massive
Status: The identification of this mineral has been confirmed only by chemical analysis
Mineral Group: [ Spinel (56) ]
CHEMISTRY 
RRUFF ID: R060846.2
Sample Description: Microprobe Fragment
Measured Chemistry: lighter phase: (Fe2+0.99Co0.01)Σ=1Ni3+2.00S4.00 ; trace amounts of Cu ; darker phase: (Fe0.98Co0.01Ni0.01)Σ=1S2.00
Microprobe Data File: [ Download Excel File ]
RAMAN SPECTRUM 
RRUFF ID:
Sample Description: Unoriented sample.
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BROAD SCAN WITH SPECTRAL ARTIFACTS
RRUFF ID: R060846
Wavelength:
Sample Description: Unoriented sample.
Instrument settings: Thermo Almega XR 532nm @ 100% of 150mW
REFERENCES for Violarite

American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database Record: [view record]

Anthony J W, Bideaux R A, Bladh K W, and Nichols M C (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson Arizona, USA, by permission of the Mineralogical Society of America. [view file]

Clarke F W, Catlett C (1889) A platiniferous nickel ore from Canada, American Journal of Science, 137, 372-374   [view file]

Lindgren W, Davy W M (1924) Nickel ores from Key West Mine, Nevada, Economic Geology, 19, 309-319   [view file]

Karup-Møller S (1968) Secondary violarite and bravoite, English Lake, Manitoba, The Canadian Mineralogist, 9, 629-643   [view file]

Arnold R G, Malik O P (1974) Violarite in some nickel ores from Lynn Lake and Thompson, Manitoba, and Sudbury, Ontário, Canada, The Canadian Mineralogist, 12, 320-326   [view file]

Vaughan D J, Craig J R (1985) The crystal chemistry of iron-nickel thiospinels, American Mineralogist, 70, 1036-1043   [view file]

Richarson S, Vaughan D J (1989) Surface alteration of pentlandite and spectroscopic evidence for secondary violarite formation, Mineralogical Magazine, 53, 213-222   [view file]

Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Gabašová A, Hloušek J, Šrein V, Vavrín I, Skála R, Sejkora J, Drábek M (2003) Primary minerals of the Jáchymov ore district, Journal of the Czech Geological Society, 48, 19-147   [view file]

Tenailleau C, Etschmann B, Ibberson R M, Pring A (2006) A neutron powder diffraction study of Fe and Ni distributions in synthetic pentlandite and violarite using 60Ni isotope, American Mineralogist, 91, 1442-1447   [view file]

Tenailleau C, Pring A, Etschmann B, Brugger J, Grguric B, Putnis A (2006) Transformation of pentlandite to violarite under mild hydrothermal conditions, American Mineralogist, 91, 706-709   [view file]