Andradite R070722

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Record 24 of 93  

Name: Andradite
RRUFF ID: R070722
Ideal Chemistry: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Locality: Otjosondu, Namibia
Source: Royal Ontario Museum M42909 [view label]
Owner: RRUFF
Description: Dark red-brown to orange semi-transparent druse of crystals associated with quartz.
Status: The identification of this mineral is confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and chemical analysis.
Mineral Group: [ garnet (93) ]
Quick search: [ All Andradite samples (14) ]
RRUFF ID: R070722.2
Sample Description: Microprobe Fragment
Measured Chemistry: (Ca1.77Mn2+1.27Mg0.02)Σ=3.06(Fe3+1.58Al3+0.38Ti0.01)Σ=1.97(SiO4)3
Microprobe Data File: [ Download Excel File ]
Sample Description: Unoriented sample

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Raman Mode Analysis
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RRUFF ID: R070722
Sample Description: Unoriented sample
Instrument settings: Thermo Almega XR 532nm @ 100% of 150mW
RRUFF ID: R070722.9
Sample Description: Single crystal, powder profile is calculated
Cell Refinement Output: a: 11.923(1)Å    b: 11.923(1)Å    c: 11.923(1)Å
alpha: 90°    beta: 90°    gamma: 90°   Volume: 1694.8(1)Å3    Crystal System: cubic
  File Type Information Close
Calculated diffraction file.

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Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

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REFERENCES for Andradite

American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database Record: [view record]

Anthony J W, Bideaux R A, Bladh K W, and Nichols M C (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson Arizona, USA, by permission of the Mineralogical Society of America. [view file]

d’Andrada J B (1800) Der eigenschaften und kennzeichen einiger neuen fossilien aus Schweden und Norwegen nebst einigen chemischen bemerkungen ueber dieselben, Allgemeines Journal der Chemie, 4, 28-39   [view file]

d’Andrada J B (1801) Description of some new fossils (Old English translation), A Journal of Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, and the Arts, 5, 193-196; 211-213   [view file]

Dana J D, Brush G J (1868) E. Lime-Irongarnet ; Andradite, in A System of Mineralogy, Fifth Edition John Wiley and Sons New York 268-270   [view file]

Flint E P, McMurdie H F, Wells L S (1941) Hydrothermal and x-ray studies of the garnet-hydrogarnet series and the relationship of the series to hydration products of Portland cement, Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards, 26, 13-33   [view file]

Skinner B J (1956) Physical properties of end-members of the garnet group, American Mineralogist, 41, 428-436

Kasowski M A, Hogarth D D (1968) Yttrian andradite from the Gatineau Park, Quebec, The Canadian Mineralogist, 9, 552-558   [view file]

Manning P G (1969) Optical absorption studies of grossular, andradite (var. colophonite) and uvarovite, The Canadian Mineralogist, 9, 723-729   [view file]

Manning P G, Harris D C (1970) Optical-absorption and electron-microprobe studies of some high-Ti andradites, The Canadian Mineralogist, 10, 260-271   [view file]

Novak G A, Gibbs G V (1971) The crystal chemistry of the silicate garnets, American Mineralogist, 56, 791-825   [view file]

McIver J R, Mihálik P (1975) Stannian andradite from "Davib Ost", South West Africa, The Canadian Mineralogist, 13, 217-221   [view file]

Duke J M, Bonardi M (1982) Chromian andradite from Reaume Township, Ontario, The Canadian Mineralogist, 20, 49-53   [view file]

Jan M Q, Windley B F, Wilson R N (1984) Chromian andradite and olivine-chromite relations in a chromitite layer from the Jijal complex, northwestern Pakistan, The Canadian Mineralogist, 22, 341-345   [view file]

Kingma K J, Downs J W (1989) Crystal-structure analysis of a birefringent andradite, American Mineralogist, 74, 1307-1316   [view file]

Hofmeister A M, Chopelas A (1991) Vibrational spectroscopy of end-member silicate garnets, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 17, 503-526   [link]

Madon M, Ibarguchi J I G, Via J, Girardeau J (1991) Characterization and thermodynamic properties of andradite, Ca3Fe2Si3O12, American Mineralogist, 76, 1249-1260   [view file]

Armbruster T, Geiger C A (1993) Andradite crystal chemistry, dynamic X-site disorder and structural strain in silicate garnets, European Journal of Mineralogy, 5, 59-71

Pinckston R D, Smith D G W (1994) Mineralogy of the Lake zone, Thor Lake rare-metals deposit, N.W.T., Canada, Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 32, 516-532

Oberti R, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E, Hawthorne F C, Memmi I (1995) Structure refinement of hydrous andradite, Ca3Fe1.54Mn0.02Al0.26(SiO4)1.65(O4H4)1.35, from the Wessels mine, Kalahari manganese field, South Africa, European Journal of Mineralogy, 7, 1221-1225

Pilati T, Demartin F, Gramaccioli C M (1996) Atomic displacement parameters for garnets: A lattice-dynamical evaluation, Acta Crystallographica, B52, 239-250

Kolesov B A, Geiger C A (1997) Raman scattering in silicate garnets an investigation of their resonance intensities, Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 28, 659-662   [link]

Kolesov B A, Geiger C A (1998) Raman spectra of silicate garnets, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 25, 142-151   [link]

Milman V, Winkler B, Nobes R H, Akhmatchaya E V, Pickard C J, White J A (2000) Garnets: structure, compressibility, dynamics, and disorder, Journal of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, 52, issue 7 22-25

Manoun B, de Waal D, Merkle R (2001) The crystal chemistry and Raman spectroscopy of kimberlitic G-9 garnets, Crystal Engineering, 4, 283-291   [link]

Teertstra D K (2006) Index-of-refraction and unit-cell constraints on cation valence and pattern of order in garnet-group minerals, The Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 341-346   [view file]

Moroz T, Ragozin A, Salikhov D, Belikova G, Puchkov V, Kagi H (2009) Micro-Raman spectra of ugrandite garnet, Spectrochimica Acta Part A-Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 73, 436-439

De La Pierre M, Noël Y, Mustapha S, Meyer A, D'Arco P, Dovesi R (2013) The infrared vibrational spectrum of andradite-grossular solid solutions: A quantum mechanical simulation, American Mineralogist, 98, 966-976

Grew E S, Locock A J, Mills S J, Galuskina I O, Galuskin E V, Hålenius U (2013) Nomenclature of the garnet supergroup, American Mineralogist, 98, 785-811   [view file]

Antao S M, Mohib S, Zaman M, Marr R A (2015) Ti-rich andradites: chemistry, structure, multi-phases, optical anisotropy, and oscillatory zoning, The Canadian Mineralogist, 53, 133-158

Korinevsky V G (2015) Spessartine-andradite in scapolite pegmatite, Ilmeny Mountains, Russia, The Canadian Mineralogist, 53, 623-632

Schingaro E, Lacalamita M, Mesto E, Ventruti G, Pedrazzi G, Ottolini L, Scordari F (2016) Crystal chemistry and light elements analysis of Ti-rich garnets, American Mineralogist, 101, 371-384