Tourmaline R080010

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Record 43 of 47  


Name: Tourmaline
RRUFF ID: R080010
Ideal Chemistry:
Locality: east Africa
Source: www.multicolour.com
Owner: RRUFF
Description: Green gemmy fragments, consistent with dravite
Status: The identification of this mineral has been confirmed only by X-ray diffraction
Mineral Group: [ tourmaline (47) ]
Quick search: [ All Tourmaline samples (6) ]
CHEMISTRY 
RRUFF ID: R080010.2
Sample Description: Microprobe Fragment
RAMAN SPECTRUM 
RRUFF ID:
Sample Description: Unoriented sample
DOWNLOADS:

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Direction of polarization of laser relative to fiducial mark:
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BROAD SCAN WITH SPECTRAL ARTIFACTS
RRUFF ID: R080010
Wavelength:
Sample Description: Unoriented sample
Instrument settings: Thermo Almega XR 532nm @ 10% of 150mW
INFRARED SPECTRUM (Attenuated Total Reflectance) 
RRUFF ID: R080010.1
Sample Description: Powder
Instrument settings: SensIR Durascope on a Nicolet Magna 860 FTIR
Resolution:
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POWDER DIFFRACTION 
RRUFF ID: R080010.1
Sample Description: Powder
Cell Refinement Output: a: 15.9165(3)Å    b: 15.9165(3)Å    c: 7.1871(3)Å
alpha: 90°    beta: 90°    gamma: 120°   Volume: 1576.81(7)Å3    Crystal System: hexagonal
  File Type Information Close
Calculated diffraction file.

  File Type Information Close
Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

  File Type Information Close
Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

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REFERENCES for Tourmaline

Hutton C O (1950) Studies of heavy detrital minerals, Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 61, 635-710   [view file]

Rickard M J (1964) Metamorphic tourmaline overgrowths in the Oak Hill Series of Southern Quebec, The Canadian Mineralogist, 8, 86-91   [view file]

Manning P G (1968) An optical absorption study of the origin of colour and pleochroism in pink and brown tourmalines, The Canadian Mineralogist, 9, 678-690   [view file]

Manning P G (1969) Optical absorption spectra of chromium-bearing tourmaline, black tourmaline and buergerite, The Canadian Mineralogist, 10, 57-70   [view file]

Manning P G (1973) Effect of second–nearest–neighbour interaction on Mn³+ absorption in pink and black tourmalines, The Canadian Mineralogist, 11, 971-977   [view file]

Faye G H, Manning P G, Gosselin J R, Tremblay R J (1974) The optical absorption spectra of tourmaline: Importance of charge-transfer processes, The Canadian Mineralogist, 12, 370-380   [view file]

Fortier S, Donnay G (1975) Schorl refinement showing composition dependence of the tourmaline structure, The Canadian Mineralogist, 13, 173-177   [view file]

Ayuso R A, Brown C E (1984) Manganese-rich red tourmaline from the Fowler talc belt, New York, The Canadian Mineralogist, 22, 327-331   [view file]

Peng M, Mao H, Chen L, Chao E C T (1989) The polarized Raman spectra of tourmaline, Annual Report of the Director Geophysical Laboratory, 1989, 99-105   [view file]

Henry D J, Dutrow B L (1990) Ca substitution in Li-poor aluminous tourmaline, The Canadian Mineralogist, 28, 111-124   [view file]

Samson I M, Sinclair W D (1992) Magmatic hydrothermal fluids and the origin of quartz - tourmaline orbicules in the Seagull batholith, Yukon Territory, The Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 937-954   [view file]

Sinclair W D, Richardson J M (1992) Quartz-tourmaline orbicules in the Seagull batholith, Yukon Territory, The Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 923-935   [view file]

Kazachenko V T, Butsik L A, Sapin V I, Kitaev I V, Barinov N N, Narnov G A (1993) Vanadian—chromian tourmaline and vanadian muscovite in contact–metamorphosed carbonaceous rocks, Primorye, Russia, The Canadian Mineralogist, 31, 347-356   [view file]

MacDonald D J, Hawthorne F C (1995) The crystal chemistry of Si‹—›Al substitution in tourmaline, The Canadian Mineralogist, 33, 849-858   [view file]

Roda E, Pesquera A, Velasco F (1995) Tourmaline in granitic pegmatites and their country rocks, Fregeneda area, Salamanca, Spain, The Canadian Mineralogist, 33, 835-848   [view file]

Lynch G, Ortega J (1997) Hydrothermal alteration and tourmaline-albite equilibria at the Coxheath porphyry Cu-Mo-Au deposit, Nova Scotia, The Canadian Mineralogist, 35, 79-94   [view file]

Federico M, Andreozzi G B, Lucchesi S, Graziani G, César-Mendes J (1998) Compositional variation of tourmaline in the granitic pegmatite dykes of the Cruzeiro mine, Minas Gerais, Brazil, The Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 415-431   [view file]

Von Goerne G, Franz G, Robert J L (1999) Upper thermal stability of tourmaline + quartz in the system MgO–Al2O3–SiO2–B2O3–H2O and Na2O–MgO–Al2O3–SiO2–B2O3–H2O–HCl in hydrothermal solutions and siliceous melts, The Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1025-1039   [view file]

Yavuz F, Iskenderoglu A, Jiang S Y (1999) Tourmaline compositions from the Salikvan porphyry Cu–Mo deposit and vicinity, northeastern Turkey, The Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1007-1023   [view file]

Dutrow B L, Henry D J (2000) Complexly zoned fibrous tourmaline, Cruzeiro mine, Minas Gerais, Brazil: a record of evolving magmatic and hydrothermal fluids, The Canadian Mineralogist, 38, 131-143   [view file]

Ertl A, Hughes J M, Pertlik F, Foit F F, Wright S E, Brandstätter F, Marler B (2002) Polyhedron distortions in tourmaline, The Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 153-162   [view file]

Hawthorne F C (2002) Bond-valence constraints on the chemical composition of tourmaline, The Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 789-797   [view file]

Baksheev I A, Kudryavtseva O E (2004) Nickeloan tourmaline from the Berezovskoe gold deposit, Middle Urals, Russia, The Canadian Mineralogist, 42, 1065-1078   [view file]

Bosi F (2008) Disordering of Fe2+ over octahedrally coordinated sites of tourmaline, American Mineralogist, 93, 1647-1653   [view file]

Ertl A, Tillmanns E, Ntaflos T, Francis C, Giester G, Körner W, Hughes J M, Lengauer C, Prem M (2008) Tetrahedrally coordinated boron in Al-rich tourmaline and its relationship to the pressure-temperature conditions of formation, European Journal of Mineralogy, 20, 881-888

Bosi F, Balic-Zunic T, Surour A A (2010) Crystal structure analyses of four tourmaline specimens from the Cleopatra's Mines (Egypt) and Jabal Zalm (Saudi Arabia), and the role of Al in the tourmaline group, American Mineralogist, 95, 510-518   [view file]

Ertl A, Marschall H R, Giester G, Henry D J, Schertl H P, Ntaflos T, Luvizotto G L, Nasdala L, Tillmanns E (2010) Metamorphic ultrahigh-pressure tourmaline: structure, chemistry, and correlations to P-T conditions, American Mineralogist, 95, 1-10   [view file]

Bačík P, Méres Š, Uher P (2011) Vanadium-bearing tourmaline in metacherts from Chvojnica, Slovak Republic: crystal chemistry and multistage evolution, The Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 195-206   [view file]

Henry D J, Dutrow B L (2011) The incorporation of fluorine in tourmaline: internal crystallographic controls or external environmental influences?, The Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 41-56   [view file]

Henry D J, Novák M, Hawthorne F C, Ertl A, Dutrow B L, Uher P, Pezzotta F (2011) Nomenclature of the tourmaline-supergroup minerals, American Mineralogist, 96, 895-913   [view file]

Bačík P, Uher P, Ertl A, Jonsson E, Nysten P, Kanický V, Vaculovič T (2012) Zoned REE-enriched dravite from a granitic pegmatite in Forshammar Bergslagen Province, Sweden: An EMPA, XRD and LA-ICP-MS study, The Canadian Mineralogist, 50, 825-841   [view file]

Bosi F, Reznitskii L, Skogby H (2012) Oxy-chromium-dravite, NaCr3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O, a new mineral species of the tourmaline supergroup, American Mineralogist, 97, 2024-2030   [view file]

Ertl A, Kolitsch U, Dyar M D, Hughes J M, Rossman G R, Pieczka A, Henry D J, Pezzotta F, Prowatke S, Lengauer C L, Körner W, Brandstätter F, Francis C A, Prem M, Tillmanns E (2012) Limitations of Fe2+ and Mn2+ site occupancy in tourmaline: Evidence from Fe2+ - and Mn2+ -rich tourmaline, American Mineralogist, 97, 1402-1416   [view file]

Ertl A, Schuster R, Hughes J M, Ludwig T, Meyer H-P, Finger F, Dyar M D, Ruschel K, Rossman G R, Klötzli U, Brandstätter F, Lengauer C L, Tillmanns E (2012) Li-bearing tourmalines in Variscan granitic pegmatites from the Moldanubian nappes, Lower Austria, European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 695-715

Bosi F (2013) Bond-valence constraints around the O1 site of tourmaline, Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 343-351

Bosi F, Andreozzi G B, Skogby H, Lussier A J, Abdu Y, Hawthorne F C (2013) Fluor-elbaite, Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F, a new mineral species of the tourmaline supergroup, American Mineralogist, 98, 297-303   [view file]

Bosi F, Reznitskii L, Sklyarov E V (2013) Oxy-vanadium-dravite, NaV3(V4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O: Crystal structure and redefinition of the "vanadium-dravite" tourmaline, American Mineralogist, 98, 501-505   [view file]

Bosi F, Reznitskii L, Skogby H, Hålenius U (2014) Vanadio-oxy-chromium-dravite, NaV3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O, a new mineral species of the tourmaline supergroup, American Mineralogist, 99, 1155-1162

Dixon A, Cempírek J, Groat L A (2014) Mineralogy and geochemistry of pegmatites on Mount Begbie, British Columbia, The Canadian Mineralogist, 52, 129-164

Gadas P, Novák M, Cempírek J, Filip J, Galiová M V, Groat L A, Všianský D (2014) Mineral assemblages, compositional variation, and crystal structure of feruvitic tourmaline from a contaminated anatectic pegmatite at Mirošov near Strážek, Moldanubian zone, Czech Republic, The Canadian Mineralogist, 52, 285-301

Vereshchagin O S, Rozhdestvenskaya I V, Frank-Kamenetskaya O V, Zolotarev A A (2014) Ion substitutions and structural adjustment in Cr-bearing tourmalines, European Journal of Mineralogy, 26, 309-321

Bačík P (2015) Cation ordering at octahedral sites in schorl-dravite series tourmalines, The Canadian Mineralogist, 53, 571-590

Bosi F, Andreozzi G B, Agrosi G, Scandale E (2015) Fluor-tsilaisite, NaMn3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F, a new tourmaline from San Piero in Campo (Elba, Italy) and new data on tsilaisitic tourmaline from the holotype specimen locality, Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 89-101

Bosi F, Andreozzi G B, Hålenius U, Skogby H (2015) Experimental evidence for partial Fe2+ disorder at the Y and Z sites of tourmaline: a combined EMP, SREF, MS, IR and OAS study of schorl, Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 515-528

Cabral A R, Corrěa Neto A V (2015) Empirical Bi8Te3 and Bi2Te from the São Sebastião gold deposit, Brazil: Implications for lode-gold mineralization in Minas Gerais, The Canadian Mineralogist, 53, 1061-1072

Ertl A, Vereshchagin O S, Giester G, Tillmanns E, Meyer H P, Ludwig T, Rozhdestvenskaya I V, Frank-Kamenetskaya O V (2015) Structural and chemical investigation of a zoned synthetic Cu-rich tourmaline, The Canadian Mineralogist, 53, 209-220

Vereshchagin O S, Frank-Kamenetskaya O V, Rozhdestvenskaya I V (2015) Crystal structure and stability of Ni-rich synthetic tourmaline. Distribution of divalent transition-metal cations over octahedral positions, Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 997-1006

Ertl A, Baksheev I A, Giester G, Lengauer C L, Prokofiev V Y, Zorina L D (2016) Bosiite, NaFe3+3(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O, a new ferric member of the tourmaline supergroup from the Darasun gold deposit, Transbaikalia, Russia, European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 581-591

Ertl A, Kolitsch U, Dyar M D, Meyer H, Rossman G R, Henry D J, Prem M, Ludwig T, Nasdala L, Lengauer C L, Tillmanns E, Niedermayr G (2016) Fluor-schorl, a new member of the tourmaline supergroup, and new data on schorl from the cotype localities, European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 163-177

Hawthorne F C (2016) Short-range atomic arrangements in minerals. I: The minerals of the amphibole, tourmaline and pyroxene supergroups, European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 513-536

Kutzschbach M, Wunder B, Rhede D, Koch-Müller M, Ertl A, Giester G, Heinrich W, Franz G (2016) Tetrahedral boron in natural and synthetic HP/UHP tourmaline: evidence from Raman spectroscopy, EMPA, and single-crystal XRD, American Mineralogist, 101, 93-104

Vereshchagin O S, Setkova T V, Rozhdestvenskaya I V, Frank-Kamenetskaya O V, Deyneko D V, Pokholok K V (2016) Synthesis and crystal structure of Ga-rich, Fe-bearing tourmaline, European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 593-599

Watenphul A, Burgdorf M, Schlüter J, Horn I, Malcherek T, Mihailova B (2016) Exploring the potential of Raman spectroscopy for crystallochemical analyses of complex hydrous silicates: II. Tourmalines, American Mineralogist, 101, 970-985

Watenphul A, Schlüter J, Bosi F, Skogby H, Malcherek T, Mihailova B (2016) Influence of the octahedral cationic-site occupancies on the framework vibrations of Li-free tourmalines, with implications for estimating temperature and oxygen fugacity in host rocks, American Mineralogist, 101, 2554-2563

Zagorsky V Y, Peretyazhko I S, Dmitrieva A S (2016) Axinite-(Mn) from miarolitic granitic pegmatites of the Malkhan gem-tourmaline deposit (Transbaikalia, Russia): composition, paragenesis and conditions of formation, European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 811-824

Bosi F, Cámara F, Ciriotti M E, Hålenius U, Reznitskii L, Stagno V (2017) Crystal-chemical relations and classification problems in tourmalines belonging to the oxy-schorl - oxy-dravite - bosiite - povondraite series, European Journal of Mineralogy, 29, 445-455

Hulsobosch N, Thomas R, Boiron M-C, Dewaele S, Muchez P (2017) Direct observation of boro-aluminosilicate melt compositions: Insights from Raman spectroscopy of melt inclusions in pegmatitic tourmaline of the Gatumba-Gitarama area (Rwanda), The Canadian Mineralogist, 55, 377-397

Bosi F (2018) Tourmaline crystal chemistry, American Mineralogist, 103, 298-306