Grunerite R040150

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Record 1693 of 4084  

Name: Grunerite
RRUFF ID: R040150
Ideal Chemistry:    Fe2+2Fe2+5Si8O22(OH)2
Locality: Smallwood mine, Heath Lake, Newfoundland, Canada
Source: University of Arizona Mineral Museum 13760 [view label]
Owner: RRUFF
Description: Brown bladed crystals in parallel aggregate
Status: The identification of this mineral has been confirmed by X-ray diffraction and chemical analysis
Mineral Group: [ amphibole (105) ]
Quick search: [ All Grunerite samples (6) ]
CHEMISTRY 
RRUFF ID: R040150.2
Sample Description: Microprobe Fragment
Measured Chemistry: (Fe0.69Mg0.27Ca0.02Mn0.02)7Si8.02O22((OH)0.98Cl0.02)2
RAMAN SPECTRUM 
RRUFF ID:
Sample Description: Sample is oriented, mounted onto a pin and polished
Pin ID: M00350
Orientation: Laser parallel to  a*  (1 0 0).     Fiducial mark perpendicular to laser is parallel to  -b   [0 -1 0].
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  orientation angle.

Direction of polarization of laser relative to fiducial mark:
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BROAD SCAN WITH SPECTRAL ARTIFACTS
RRUFF ID: R040150
Wavelength:
Sample Description: Unoriented sample
Instrument settings: Thermo Almega XR 532nm @ 100% of 150mW
INFRARED SPECTRUM (Attenuated Total Reflectance) 
RRUFF ID: R040150.1
Sample Description: Powder
Instrument settings: SensIR Durascope on a Nicolet Magna 860 FTIR
Resolution:
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POWDER DIFFRACTION 
RRUFF ID: R040150.1
Sample Description: Powder
Cell Refinement Output: a: 9.5556(4)Å    b: 18.293(2)Å    c: 5.3293(5)Å
alpha: 90.°    beta: 102.024(6)°    gamma: 90.°   Volume: 911.18(8)Å3    Crystal System: monoclinic
  File Type Information Close
Calculated diffraction file.

  File Type Information Close
Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

  File Type Information Close
Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

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REFERENCES for Grunerite

American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database Record: [view record]

Anthony J W, Bideaux R A, Bladh K W, and Nichols M C (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson Arizona, USA, by permission of the Mineralogical Society of America. [view file]

Kenngott A (1853) VIII. Ordnung: Spathe. IX. Geschlecht: Augit-Spathe. 4. Grunerit, in Das Mohs'sche Mineralsystem Verlag und Druck Wien 62-77   [view file]

Winchell A N (1931) Further studies in the amphibole group, American Mineralogist, 16, 250-266   [view file]

Ross C S, Kerr P F (1932) The manganese minerals of a vein near Bald Knob, North Carolina, American Mineralogist, 17, 1-18   [view file]

Klein C (1964) Cummingtonite-grunerite series: A chemical, optical and x-ray study, American Mineralogist, 49, 963-982   [view file]

Finger L W (1969) The crystal structure and cation distribution of a grunerite, Mineralogical Society of America Special Paper, 2, 95-100   [view file]

Leake B E (1978) Nomenclature of amphiboles, American Mineralogist, 63, 1023-1052   [view file]

Steel E, Wylie A (1981) Mineralogical characteristics of asbestos, 1, in Geology of Asbestos Deposits Edwards Brothers, Inc. Ann Arbor, MI. 93-99

Goldman D S, Rossman G R (1982) The identification of Fe2+ in the M4 site of calcic amphiboles: reply, American Mineralogist, 67, 340-342   [view file]

Uchida E (1983) Grunerite from the Shinyama ore deposit, Kamaishi mine, Japan, The Canadian Mineralogist, 21, 517-528   [view file]

Hirschmann M, Evans B W, Yang H (1994) Composition and temperature dependence of Fe-Mg ordering in cummingtonite-grunerite as determined by X-ray diffraction, American Mineralogist, 79, 862-877   [view file]

Bard D, Yarwood J, Tylee B (1997) Asbestos fibre identification by Raman microspectroscopy, Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 28, 803-809   [link]

Leake B E, Woolley A R, Arps C E S, Birch W D, Gilbert M C, Grice J D, Hawthorne F C, Kato A, Kisch H J, Krivovichev V G, Linthout K, Laird J, Mandarino J A, Maresch W V, Nickel E H, Rock N M S, Schumacher J C, Smith D C, Stephenson N C N, Ungaretti L, Whittaker E J W, Youzhi G (1997) Nomenclature of amphiboles: report of the Subcommittee on Amphiboles of the International Mineralogical Association, Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names, The Canadian Mineralogist, 35, 219-246   [view file]

Huang E P (2002) Raman spectroscopic study of amphiboles, Doctoral Dissertation, 1, 1-138   [view file]

Boffa Ballaran T, Carpenter M A (2003) Line broadening and enthalpy: Some empirical calibrations of solid solution behaviour from IR spectra, Phase Transitions, 76, 137-154

Leake B E, Woolley A R, Birch W D, Burke E A J, Ferraris G, Grice J D, Hawthorne F C, Kisch H J, Krivovichev V G, Schumacher J C, Stephenson N C N, Whittaker E J W (2003) Nomenclature of amphiboles: additions and revisions to the International Mineralogical Association’s 1997 recommendations, The Canadian Mineralogist, 41, 1355-1362   [view file]

Su S C (2003) A rapid and accurate procedure for the determination of refractive indices of regulated asbestos minerals, American Mineralogist, 88, 1979-1982   [view file]

Rinaudo C, Belluso E, Gastaldi D (2004) Assessment of the use of Raman spectroscopy for the determination of amphibole asbestos, Mineralogical Magazine, 68, 455-465   [view file]

Roth P (2007) Grunerite, in Minerals first discovered in Switzerland and minerals named after Swiss individuals Kristallografik Verlag Achberg Germany 182-183

Harper M, Lee E G, Doorn S S, Hammond O (2008) Differentiating non-asbestiform amphibole and amphibole asbestos by size characteristics, Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 5, 761-770   [view file]

Su S C (2008) in How to use the d-spacing/interfacial angle tables to index zone-axis patterns of amphibole asbestos minerals obtained by selected area electron diffraction in transmission electron microscope Asbestos Analysis Consulting Newark, Delaware 1-160   [view file]

Apopei A I, Buzgar N (2010) The Raman study of amphiboles, Analele Stiintifice Ale Universitatii, Al. I. Cuza Iasi Geologie, 56, 57-83   [view file]

Gunter M E (2010) Defining asbestos: differences between the built and natural environments, Chimia, 64, 747-752

Yong T, Dera P, Zhang D (2019) Single-crystal X-ray diffraction of grunerite up to 25.6 GPa: a new high-pressure clinoamphibole polymorph, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 46, 215-227

Germine M, Puffer J H (2020) Analytical transmission electron microscopy of amosite asbestos from South Africa, Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health, 75, 36-44