Gypsum R060509

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Record 6 of 6  

Name: Gypsum
RRUFF ID: R060509
Ideal Chemistry: Ca(SO4)·2H2O
Locality: Pierre Shale, Hermosa, Custer County, South Dakota, USA
Source: Michael Scott S100215 [view label]
Owner: RRUFF
Description: Colorless tabular single crystal
Status: The identification of this mineral has been confirmed by X-ray diffraction and chemical analysis
Mineral Group: [ Gypsum (12) ]
Quick search: [ All Gypsum samples (6) ]
CHEMISTRY 
RRUFF ID: R060509.2
Sample Description: Microprobe fragment
RAMAN SPECTRUM 
RRUFF ID:
Sample Description: Sample is oriented and mounted on a pin.
Pin ID: L01702
Orientation: Laser parallel to  a*  (1 0 0).     Fiducial mark perpendicular to laser is parallel to  b   [0 1 0].
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BROAD SCAN WITH SPECTRAL ARTIFACTS
RRUFF ID: R060509
Wavelength:
Sample Description: Unoriented Raman on the primary sample
Instrument settings: Thermo Almega XR 532nm @ 100% of 150mW
POWDER DIFFRACTION 
RRUFF ID: R060509.1
Sample Description: Powder
Cell Refinement Output: a: 5.6707(5)Å    b: 15.199(1)Å    c: 6.5215(6)Å
alpha: 90.°    beta: 118.42(1)°    gamma: 90.°   Volume: 494.32(5)Å3    Crystal System: monoclinic
  File Type Information Close
Calculated diffraction file.

  File Type Information Close
Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

  File Type Information Close
Output file from the Bruker D8 Advance instrument. Includes device headers and XY data.

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REFERENCES for Gypsum

American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database Record: [view record]

Anthony J W, Bideaux R A, Bladh K W, and Nichols M C (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson Arizona, USA, by permission of the Mineralogical Society of America. [view file]

Agricola G (1546) Gypsum, in De Natura Fossilium translated by Bandy M C, Bandy J A 1955 Geological Society of America New York 89-93

Reusch E (1869) Die Körnerprobe am krystallisirten Gyps, Annalen der Physik, 212, 135-137   [view file]

Milton C, Johnston W D (1938) Sulphate minerals of the Comstock Lode, Nevada, Economic Geology, 33, 749-771   [view file]

Flörke O W (1952) Kristallographische und röntgenometrische untersuchungen im system CaSO4 - CaSO4·2H2O, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 4, 180-240   [view file]

Papezik V S, Fong C C K (1975) Howlite and ulexite from the carboniferous gypsum and anhydrite beds in western Newfoundland, The Canadian Mineralogist, 13, 370-376   [view file]

Pedersen B F, Semmingsen D (1982) Neutron diffraction refinement of the structure of the gypsum, CaSO4·2H2O, Acta Crystallographica, B38, 1074-1077   [view file]

Abriel V W (1983) Calcium sulfat subhydrat, CaSO4·0,8H2O, Acta Crystallographica, C39, 956-958   [view file]

Lager G A, Armbruster T, Rotella F J, Jorgensen J D, Hinks D G (1984) A crystallographic study of the low-temperature dehydration products of gypsum, CaSO4·2H2O: hemihydrate CaSO4·0.50H2O, and γ-CaSO4, American Mineralogist, 69, 910-918   [view file]

Mungall J E, Frape S K, Gigson I L, Kamineni D C (1987) Rare-earth abundances in host granitic rocks and fracture-filling gypsum associated with saline groundwaters from a deep borehole, Atikokan, Ontario, The Canadian Mineralogist, 25, 539-543   [view file]

Tazaki K, Mori T, Nonaka T (1992) Microbial jarosite and gypsum from corrosion of Portland cement concrete, The Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 431-444   [view file]

Cooper M A, Hawthorne F C (1996) The crystal structure of rapidcreekite, Ca2(SO4)(CO3)(H2O)4, and its relation to the structure of gypsum, The Canadian Mineralogist, 34, 99-106   [view file]

Schofield P F, Knight K S, Stretton I C (1996) Thermal expansion of gypsum investigated by neutron powder diffraction, American Mineralogist, 81, 847-851   [view file]

Kontoyannis C G, Orkoula M G, Koutsoukos P G (1997) Quantitative analysis of sulfated calcium carbonates using Raman spectroscopy and X-ray powder diffraction, Analyst, 122, 33-38

Sarma L P, Prasad P S R, Ravikumar N (1998) Raman spectroscopic study of phase transitions in natural gypsum, Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 29, 851-856

Boeyens J C A, Ichharam V V H (2002) Redetermination of the crystal structure of calcium sulphate dihydrate, CaSO4·2H2O, Zeitschrift für Kristallographie. New Crystal Structures, 217, 9-10

Shannon R D, Shannon R C, Medenbach O, Fischer R X (2002) Refractive index and dispersion of fluorides and oxides, Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, 31, 931-970   [view file]

Cabral A R, Lehmann B, Kwitko-Ribeiro R, Jones R D, Rocha Filho O G (2003) On the association of palladium-bearing gold, hematite, and gypsum in an ouro preto nugget, The Canadian Mineralogist, 41, 473-478   [view file]

De la Torre Á G, López-Olmo M G, Álvarez-Rua C, García-Granda S, Aranda M A G (2004) Structure and microstructure of gypsum and its relevance to Rietveld quantitative phase analyses, Powder Diffraction, 19, 240-246

Lane M D (2007) Mid-infrared emission spectroscopy of sulfate and sulfate-bearing minerals, American Mineralogist, 92, 1-18   [view file]

Carbone M, Ballirano P, Caminiti R (2008) Kinetics of gypsum dehydration at reduced pressure: an energy dispersive x-ray diffraction study, European Journal of Mineralogy, 20, 621-627   [view file]

Christensen A N, Olesen M, Cerenius Y, Jensen T R (2008) Formation and transformation of five different phases in the CaSO4-H2O system: Crystal structure of the subhydrate β-CaSO4·0.5H2O and soluble anhydrite CaSO4, Chemistry of Materials, 20, 2124-2132

Comodi P, Nazzareni S, Zanazzi P F, Speziale S (2008) High-pressure behavior of gypsum: A single-crystal X-ray study, American Mineralogist, 93, 1530-1537   [view file]

Buzgar N, Buzatu A, Sanislav I V (2009) The Raman study on certain sulfates, Annalele Stiintifice ale Universitatii, 55, 5-23   [view file]

Jehlička J, Vítek P, Edwards H G M, Hargreaves M D, Čapoun T (2009) Fast detection of sulphate minerals (gypsum, anglesite, baryte) by a portable Raman spectrometer, Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 40, 1082-1086

Seufert S, Hesse C, Goetz-Neunhoeffer F, Neubauer J (2009) Discrimination of bassanite and anhydrite III dehydrated from gypsum at different temperatures, Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, 30, 447-452   [view file]

Hildyard R C, Llana-Fúnez S, Wheeler J, Faulkner D R, Prior D J (2011) Electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) analysis of bassanite transformation textures and crystal structure produced from experimentally deformed and dehydrated gypsum, Journal of Petrology, 52, 839-856   [view file]

Harrison T N (2012) Experimental VNIR reflectance spectroscopy of gypsum dehydration: investigating the gypsum to bassanite transition, American Mineralogist, 97, 598-609   [view file]

Robertson K, Bish D (2013) Constraints on the distribution of CaSO4·nH2O phases on Mars and implications for their contribution to the hydrological cycle, Icarus, 223, 407-417

Sabron P, Alpers C N (2013) Raman spectroscopy of efflorescent sulfate salts from Iron Mountain Mine Superfund Site, California, Astrobiology, 13, 270-278

Bishop J L, Lane M D, Dyar M D, King S J, Brown A J, Swayze G A (2014) Spectral properties of Ca-sulfates: gypsum, bassanite, and anhydrite, American Mineralogist, 99, 2105-2115

Lopez-Reyes G, Sobron P, Lefebvre C, Rull F (2014) Multivariate analysis of Raman spectra for the identification of sulfates: Implications for ExoMars, American Mineralogist, 99, 1570-1579

Sobron P, Bishop J L, Blake D F, Chen B, Rull F (2014) Natural Fe-bearing oxides and sulfates from the Rio Tinto Mars analog site: Critical assessment of VNIR reflectance spectroscopy, laser Raman spectroscopy, and XRD as mineral identification tools, American Mineralogist, 99, 1199-1205

Geng G, Myers R J, Kilcoyne A L D, Ha J, Monteiro P J M (2017) Ca L2,3-edge near edge X-ray absorption fine structure of tricalcium aluminate, gypsum, and calcium (sulfo)aluminate hydrates, American Mineralogist, 102, 900-908

Vaniman D T, Martinez G M, Rampe E B, Bristow T F, Blake D F, Yen A S, Ming D W, Rapin W, Meslin P Y, Morookian J M, Downs R T, Chipera S J, Morris R V, Morrison S M, Treiman A H, Achilles C N, Robertson K, Grotzinger J P, Hazen R M, Wiens R C, Sumner D Y (2018) Gypsum, bassanite, and anhydrite at Gale crater, Mars, American Mineralogist, 103, 1011-1020   [view file]

Theophrastus (315 BC) Gypsum, in De Lapidibus, translated by Eichholz D E, 1965 Clarendon Press Oxford 83-85   [view file]